Research documents

This page offers you a shortlisted selection of research documents and working papers, recently published in French or English in international research journals or as monographic web-publications.  The shortlist will be updated regularly, and its content will (hopefully) reflect ongoing discussions and our partners' committments to specific research topics and approaches.

Mainstreaming the environment in poverty alleviation policies: influencing policies and practices through dialogue and dissemination of innovative responses

 

This capitalization aims at sharing the achievements, lessons learned and challenges arising from the implementation of the Initiative for Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management (Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management Initiative - PREMI). Implemented from 2009 to 2012 by the Western and Central Africa Programme of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN-PACO), PREMI sought to demonstrate how a proper consideration of the environmental dimension in policy and programs can contribute to a more effective fight against rural poverty. The document is also available in French. The knowledge generated by the PREMI initiative is available from the following link: www.iucn.org/premi

Dudley, Nigel; Shadie, Peter; Stolton, Sue (IUCN) : Guidelines for applying protected area management categories including IUCN WCPA best practice guidance on recognising protected areas and assigning management categories and governance types

 

Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. 21 - Please download the guidelines hereafter:

Economic valuation of ecological functions and services of natural ecosystems : A Guide on the use of simple methods 607KB

National forest cover change in Congo Basin: deforestation, reforestation, degradation and regeneration for the years 1990, 2000 and 2005

This research refers to an object-based automatic method combined with a national expert validation to produce regional and national forest cover change statistics over Congo Basin. A total of 547 sampling sites systematically distributed over the whole humid forest domain are required to cover the six Central African countries containing tropical moist forest. High resolution imagery is used to accurately estimate not only deforestation and reforestation but also degradation and regeneration. Find out more...

 

Ernst Céline1,*, Mayaux Philippe2, Verhegghen Astrid1, Bodart Catherine2, Christophe Musampa3, Defourny Pierre1

Article first published online: 16 JAN 2013

Modeling impact of development trajectories and a global agreement on reducing emissions from deforestation on Congo Basin forests by 2030

Abstract - The Congo Basin encompasses the second largest rainforest area after the Amazon but the Congo Basin rainforest has been more preserved during the last decades with a much lower deforestation rate. At the same time, the region remains one of the least developed in the world. We use the partial equilibrium model GLOBIOM for the global agricultural, forestry and bioenergy sectors that seeks to find optimal land use options by spatially representing land qualities. We show the trade-offs between achieving agricultural growth at the expense of forests and protecting forests at the expense of agriculture development in the Congo Basin... find more ...

-  A. Mosnier, P. Havlik, M. Obersteiner, K. Aoki, E. Schmid. S. Fritz, I. McCallum, S. Leduc, Environmental and Resource Economics.

Coffee table book – Invasive Alien Plants and their Management in Africa

 

Invasive Alien Species (IAS) pose one of the most significant threats to biodiversity, agriculture, sustainable economic development and human and animal health on this planet, including increasingly in the African continent. The following coffee table book has been produced as one of the final outputs of the UNEP/GEF project 'Removing Barriers to Invasive Plant Management in Africa' (RBIPMA), implemented in the four countries Ethiopia, Ghana, Uganda and Zambia, between 2005 and 2010." A link to this nicely
written and compelling story is found  HERE

More information can be obtained from its co-author Arne Witt (A.Witt@cabi.org) or Max Zieren the project task manager (max.zieren@unep.org).

FAO Issues Guidelines on Climate Change for Forest Managers - Forests Policy & Practice

 

The guidelines were presented last week at the 28th Session of the Latin American and Caribbean Forestry Commission (LACFC).

Please consult the Full Article available under the following Link:  Impact of climate change on forests requires early action - Forest managers should invest more in climate change response – new guidelines published

Water Towers (2012) : Forests and Green Economy - Outcome of the First High Level National Dialogue in Kenya

Deforestation in Kenya’s water towers deprives the Kenyan economy of 6 billion Shillings annually and threatens the supply of more than 70 per cent of the country’s water supply. The dialogue commended the vision and leadership of the government, and calls on all political leaders to ensure that the emerging forest sector transformation and sustainable water management should remain a high priority for the country, to be championed by the highest political level.

 

FAO-CIFOR (2013) : Multiple-use forest management in the humid tropics: opportunities and challenges for sustainable forest management

Executive summary

 In this report, multiple-use forest management (MFM) is defined as the deliberate management of a particular forest area in a particular time period for various goods and services. Three regional assessments were carried out between 2009 and 2012 to identify and draw lessons from on-the-ground initiatives in MFM in the Amazon  Basin, the Congo Basin and Southeast Asia. In all three regions, information was collected through interviews with country-based forestry experts, forest managers and technicians. A complementary, Web-based questionnaire was used to examine  a range of variables in ongoing or completed MFM initiatives at the country level.  The regional assessments canvassed 46 MFM initiatives in 13 countries. This  report provides an overview of forestry in those countries and the 46 initiatives,  the constraints they face, and the opportunities for diversifying and integrating  products and services in forest management units. The evidence, opinions and  perceptions gathered through interviews and surveys indicate that the practical  application of MFM is a complex and challenging task in the prevailing conditions.  There is wide variation in the forest area encompassed by the surveyed MFM  initiatives, from 1 900 hectares to almost 1 million hectares in the Amazon Basin,  from almost 11  000 hectares to more than 2.1  million hectares in Southeast Asia,  and from 4 800 hectares to almost 200 000 hectares in the Congo Basin. The smaller  areas are mostly forests managed by indigenous peoples or by associations of small-scale extractors.  Of the surveyed initiatives, timber production is the predominant primary  objective, followed by the production of non-timber forest products. Other  economic activities of importance in at least some of the surveyed MFM initiatives  were fisheries, ecotourism, forest conservation, the production of fuel wood and  charcoal, and ecosystem services.  In many of the countries analyzed in this report and for certain categories  of actor, MFM remains an interesting yet barely operational concept due to  economic, technical and administrative constraints. Timber is still the only forest  commodity with major lucrative markets, whose operation is based on a reliable  body of technical knowledge, and which provides a significant contribution to  national economies. The dominant model of timber harvesting is, however, being  undermined in some regions by the arrival of investors interested in agro-industrial  or mining projects, for which the financial benefits can be much higher than those  associated with sustainable timber harvesting. In this new context, MFM could  increase the economic benefits of SFM. Several initiatives, such as certification  and legality schemes, could help support the implementation of MFM, although  generally forest management certification has so far failed to yield significant  increases in timber prices.  Forest managers should be supported in efforts to realize the potential of MFM.  Greater effort is needed to eliminate unfair competition from operators whose sole objective is to extract timber, with little or no concern for multiple uses. In most countries, the demarcation of a permanent forest estate and the development of  national land-use plans would increase investment in long-term forest management  and lend support to MFM. Improving the value of logged-over forest through silvicultural treatments would improve the chance of those forests being managed  for multiple uses. Training and awareness-raising to change the entrenched mindsets of certain forestry stakeholders is also recommended.

Cécile OTT-DUCLAUX-MONTEIL (2013): Logging in Central Africa and populations’ rights in Central Africa

Natural resources derived from forests are a key component of the livelihoods of indigenous and local communities in Africa. In pursuance to the recommendations of the "unprecedented" Rio conference, in the words of Professor Alexandre KISS, many African countries have agreed to recognize peoples’ right to manage their environment, subject to certain limits. Inspired by this movement, the countries which are the subject of our study have embarked on a series of reforms to improve the legal and regulatory framework for logging, with a view to increasing involvement of local communities, people and promoting sustainable development. Several years after the implementation of these reforms, many questions remain as to whether the much desired objectives of transparency, equity and efficiency have been achieved.
 
Cécile OTT-DUCLAUX-MONTEIL holds a PhD in International Environmental Law (University of Lyon 3), as well as being lecturer, consultant in environmental law and an Associate Doctor at the Centre de droit international (Centre for International Law, CDI - Lyon 3).

Andreas Wilkes, Timm Tennigkeit, Katalin Solymosi (2013): National integrated mitigation planning in agriculture: - A review paper

MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE SERIES 7 - Purpose and scope of the review: This review of national greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation planning in the agriculture sector has two objectives: (i) to provide national policy makers and others in the agriculture sector with an overview of national mitigation planning processes and aid then in identifying the relevance of these processes for promoting agricultural development; (ii) to provide policy makers and advisors involved in low-emission development planning processes with an overview of mitigation planning in the agriculture sector and in particular to highlight the relevance of agriculture to national mitigation plans and actions. Please download the Document below:

Jolien Schure; Verina Ingram; Julius Chupezi Tieguhong; Cleto Ndikumagenge (2011) : Is the god of diamonds alone ?The role of institutions in artisanal mining in forest landscapes Congo Basin Jolien Schure; Verina Ingram; Julius Chupezi Tieguhong; Cleto Ndikumagenge (2011) : Is the god of diamonds alone ?The role of institutions in artisanal mining in forest landscapes Congo Basin 16.08.2013 | 476.8 KiB

This paper examines the institutional framework of artisanal mining in the forests of the Sangha Tri National Landscape (TNS) in the Congo Basin. Artisanal miners in Cameroon and the Central African Republic (CAR) commonly make sacrifices to their god of diamonds, to improve fortunes. This study looks into ‘the other forces’ institutions that play a role in shaping the sector and its outcomes.

CBD (2011): Submission by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change CBD (2011): Submission by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 16.08.2013 | 194.4 KiB

This submission contains summaries of four expert workshops on the links between biodiversity and reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD-plus), including relevant biodiversity safeguards. The workshops were organized by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) pursuant to decisions IX/16, IX/5 and X/33. The workshops took place in Nairobi, Kenya, from 20 to 23 September 2010; Singapore, from 15 to 18 March 2011; Quito, Ecuador, from 5 to 8 July 2011; and Cape Town, South Africa, from 20 to 23 September 2011. Representatives from 63 Parties and from 55 international organizations, non-governmental organizations, private sector institutions and indigenous and local community organizations (see Annex 1) participated in the workshop series. Funding for the workshops was provided by the governments of Germany, Japan, Norway, the United Kingdom, the GIZ, the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, and by the UN-REDD Programme.

Jean-Marie SAMYN; James GASANA ; Emmanuel POUSSE ; Fabien POUSSE (2011) : The Forest Sector in the Congo Basin Countries: AFD 20 Years of Intervention Jean-Marie SAMYN; James GASANA ; Emmanuel POUSSE ; Fabien POUSSE (2011) : The Forest Sector in the Congo Basin Countries: AFD 20 Years of Intervention 16.08.2013 | 2.6 MiB

This document is the final report of the mission entrusted by AFD to Intercooperation and Institutions and Développementconcerning the evaluation and the capitalization of the Agency in the forest Sector in four Congo Basin countries: Gabon, Cameroon, Centralafrican Republic and the Republic of Congo. The evaluation exercise for capitalization concerned all the support projects to the implementation of forest development plans supported by AFD in the above four countries, between 1990 and 2010. This evaluation aimed at (i) evaluating the relevance and the coherence of all AFD Group interventions, (ii) assessing the performance of AFD projects relating to support to the development Plan in concessions, and (iii) establishing teachings from crossed analysis between projects on the added value of the forest development Plan model and its replicability.

H.C. PEACH BROWN (2011): Gender, climate change and REDD+ in the Congo Basin forests of Central Africa H.C. PEACH BROWN (2011): Gender, climate change and REDD+ in the Congo Basin forests of Central Africa 16.08.2013 | 291.0 KiB

The Congo Basin region of Central Africa contains the second largest contiguous tropical rainforest in the world, which is an important source of livelihood for millions of people. It is also important for climate change adaptation, as well as mitigation policies on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). Men and women relate to and use the forest differently and so may experience the effects of climate change and REDD+ policies differently. Investigations through semi-structured interviews and document reviews in three countries of the region revealed that women have had limited participation in discussions on issues of climate change or REDD+. There is some evidence that gender consideration will become part of future national REDD+ strategies. Strategies to foster the effective participation of all stakeholders are essential to ensure that gender dimensions are addressed in issues of climate change, forest access, forest management and distribution of carbon benefits.

UNDP (2011): Blending Climate Finance through National Climate Funds - A Guidebook for the Design and Establishment of National Funds to Achieve Climate Change Priorities UNDP (2011): Blending Climate Finance through National Climate Funds - A Guidebook for the Design and Establishment of National Funds to Achieve Climate Change Priorities 16.08.2013 | 1.1 MiB

The purpose of this guidebook is to assist countries in designing a National Climate Fund. It leverages UNDP's experience with funds at the global, regional, national and sub-national levels and shares lessons learned about designing and administering NCFs. It also aims to provide a simple, robust and transparent method for meaningful stakeholder engagement throughout the design process. This guidebook is part of a series of manuals, guidebooks and toolkits that draws upon the experience and information generated by the United Nations Development Programme's (UNDP) support for climate change adaptation and mitigation projects in some 140 countries over the past decade. These resources are intended to enable project managers, UNDP Country Offices and developing country government decision-makers to acquaint themselves with a variety of methodologies most appropriate to their development contexts in support of their transition to green, low-emission and climate resilient development.

 

For more information, please contact Giske C. Lillehammer (gili@norad.no)

CIFOR (2011) - Climate Change and Forests in the Congo Basin: Synergies between adaptation and mitigation (COBAM) project - information No 1 CIFOR (2011) - Climate Change and Forests in the Congo Basin: Synergies between adaptation and mitigation (COBAM) project - information No 1 16.08.2013 | 465.9 KiB

This first document gives you an overview of the COBAM project, its objectives, its components and the framework in which it will be implemented in the Congo basin. The COBAM project will make available information on climate change along with its research results, in a format accessible to all.

Luciana Porter-Bolland et al. (2011): Community managed forests and forest protected areas: An assessment of their conservation effectiveness across the tropics Luciana Porter-Bolland et al. (2011): Community managed forests and forest protected areas: An assessment of their conservation effectiveness across the tropics 16.08.2013 | 320.3 KiB

This paper assesses the role of protected and community managed forests for the long term maintenance of forest cover in the tropics. Through a meta-analysis of published case-studies, we compare land use/ cover change data for these two broad types of forest management and assess their performance in maintaining forest cover. Further research for understanding institutional arrangements that derive from local governance in favor of tropical forest conservation is recommended.

Published by Elsevier (2011)

Olufunso A. Somorin et al. (2011): The Congo Basin forests in a changing climate: Policy discourses on adaptation and mitigation (REDD+) Olufunso A. Somorin et al. (2011): The Congo Basin forests in a changing climate: Policy discourses on adaptation and mitigation (REDD+) 16.08.2013 | 394.5 KiB

This paper discusses the discourses on climate change adaptation and mitigation that are currently at the forefront in the Congo Basin. On mitigation, the forests have enormous opportunities to contribute to the reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) mechanism. But the forest itself and its multiple dependent societies and sectors need to adapt to potential climate risks. Hence, actors are debating the design of climate change policy in the forest sector.

ICTSD (2011): EU Climate Policies and Developing Country Trade Vulnerability - An Overview of Carbon Leakage-Sensitive Trade Flows ICTSD (2011): EU Climate Policies and Developing Country Trade Vulnerability - An Overview of Carbon Leakage-Sensitive Trade Flows 16.08.2013 | 3.9 MiB

The paper, which has been prepared by colleagues within ICTSD specialized in competitiveness and development related to climate change, assesses the trade flows from a number of developing countries to the EU in some of the sectors that have been identified by the European Commission as particularly sensitive to carbon leakage. By doing this, the authors are able to quantify the potential exposure of developing countries to a possible carbon cost on imports, if put in place by the EU.

 

International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD 2011) - Transition to a Low Carbon Future Series Issue Paper 19

Albert Mbonerane (july 2011): The Lake Tanganyika is not a dustbin: let us protect it and its basin, Action Girdles Green for the Environment, ACVE Albert Mbonerane (july 2011): The Lake Tanganyika is not a dustbin: let us protect it and its basin, Action Girdles Green for the Environment, ACVE 16.08.2013 | 1.3 MiB

The Council of the Lake Tanganyika and the rivers of Burundi being in the Basin of Congo. In this article you will find the following titles: (1) Why a council of the rivers? (2) The situation became unbearable (3) an acceptable compromise (4) the Ntahangwa river and the anarchistic exploitations (4) the respect of the rights of the ground (5) Our lamentations (6) the code of water

Guide on sustainable overseas silviculture by Chinese Enterprise Guide on sustainable overseas silviculture by Chinese Enterprise 16.08.2013 | 55.2 KiB

New!!! Please download A « Guide on sustainable overseas silviculture by Chinese Enterprise” – Now available in French: Download-HERE. The English version has already been published: Download: Here

Joël Kiyulu (July 2011): Forest Governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo. South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) - Policy Briefing No 33 - Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme Joël Kiyulu (July 2011): Forest Governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo. South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) - Policy Briefing No 33 - Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme 16.08.2013 | 151.0 KiB

 Following a review of old logging titles, the forestry sector in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) still faces many governance challenges. Communities lack knowledge of forest law and policies due to poor access to legal regulations and guidelines. The sector is characterized by corrupt practices and a culture of impunity. Sanctions against defaulters lack terribly and ths fail to act as a deterrent for illegal logging. This, combined with frequent harassment by state agents, leads to an increase in illegal activities. There is insufficient institutional capacity for forest management, and a huge gap between policy and practice.

TRAFFIC Central Africa (2011): Development of a Central African Bushmeat Monitoring System: SYVBAC TRAFFIC Central Africa (2011): Development of a Central African Bushmeat Monitoring System: SYVBAC 16.08.2013 | 1.2 MiB

SYVBAC stemmed from a multi-stakeholder participatory process coordinated by TRAFFIC. The SYVBAC overall objective is to generate information needed to support the development of policies and strategies that aim at bringing bush meat trade to sustainable levels. SYVBAC will centralize all available information on bush meat harvest and trade in six of the COMIFAC countries. To ensure the sustainability of SYVBAC in the long term, the monitoring system will function under OFAC, with the technical support from TRAFFIC for its development phase. Learn more on the functioning of SYVBAC.

TRAFFIC Central Africa (2011): Wild animals for food and medicine Publications TRAFFIC Central Africa (2011): Wild animals for food and medicine Publications 16.08.2013 | 544.7 KiB

TRAFFIC strives to reverse current declines in wild species’ populations and related risks to local food security resulting from over-exploitation for meat and medicines.

Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) (2011): Trimester Synthetic Note on COMIFAC‘s activities and the state of progress (April– June) Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) (2011): Trimester Synthetic Note on COMIFAC‘s activities and the state of progress (April– June) 16.08.2013 | 729.6 KiB

This report includes COMIFAC activities during the second term 2011 concerning the following components: (1) Planning and monitoring of the convergence plan (2) Communication, sub-regional consultation and capacity building, (3) International dialogue on forests and environment, and promotion of COMIFAC, (4) Coordination of convergence plan implementation, (5) COMIFAC statutory meeting.

Dominque Endamana Zacharie ; Jeffrey Sayer; Bruce Campbell; Lisa Petheram et al. (2011): A framework for assessing conservation and development in a Congo Basin Forest Landscape Dominque Endamana Zacharie ; Jeffrey Sayer; Bruce Campbell; Lisa Petheram et al. (2011): A framework for assessing conservation and development in a Congo Basin Forest Landscape 16.08.2013 | 1.4 MiB

An integrated framework for assessing conservation and development changes at the scale of a large forest landscape in the Congo Basin is described. The framework allows stakeholders to assess progress in achieving the often conflicting objectives of alleviating poverty and conserving global environmental values. The study shows that there was little change in either livelihood or conservation indicators over the period 2006 to 2008, and that the activities of conservation organizations had only modest impacts on either. Tropical Conservation Science Vol.3 (3):262-281, 2010

Alain Karsenty; Symphorien Ongolo (2011): Can fragile states reduce their deforestation? The inappropriate use of the theory of incentives with respect to the REDD mechanism. (CIRAD, ETH Zurich) Alain Karsenty; Symphorien Ongolo (2011): Can fragile states reduce their deforestation? The inappropriate use of the theory of incentives with respect to the REDD mechanism. (CIRAD, ETH Zurich) 16.08.2013 | 221.6 KiB

The first sections of the article discuss the pertinence of applying such a REDD version of the theory of incentives to Governments, and particularly to Governments in fragile states, with respect to the historical patterns and the practical way those states work. The last sections discuss the possibility of alternative architecture for REDD, focusing on policies and measures targeting the drivers of deforestation, and investments for intensifying agriculture, reforming land tenure and enhancing the functioning of the judicial system. We will show why incentive mechanisms should be used at another scale, for the benefits of local economic agents (companies, rural households, communities, etc.), and how a scaling down is likely to alleviate some of the constraints faced by incentives when dealing at Government level.

Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) (2010): Trimester Synthetic Note on COMIFAC‘s activities and the state of progress (January – March) Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) (2010): Trimester Synthetic Note on COMIFAC‘s activities and the state of progress (January – March) 16.08.2013 | 246.3 KiB

In this report, you will find COMIFAC’ activities during the first trimester which are oriented on the following topics: (1) Planning and monitoring of the convergence plan (2) Communication, sub-regional dialogue and capacity building, (3) International dialogue on forests and environment and promotion of the COMIFAC, (4) Coordination of the convergence plan implementation, (5) Statutory meeting

Valentina Robiglio; Serge Ngendakumana; Jim Gockowski; Martin Yemefack (December 2010): Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses in Cameroon, ICRAF – ASB (Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins), Final Report Valentina Robiglio; Serge Ngendakumana; Jim Gockowski; Martin Yemefack (December 2010): Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses in Cameroon, ICRAF – ASB (Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins), Final Report 16.08.2013 | 14.8 MiB

The first release of this publication coincided with the Cancun COP 16thDecember 2010 where several copies were shared to many actors. The concept of Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses (REALU) takes roots in the global landscape approach to propose going beyond forests by integrating other sources of emissions. The present document as final report of the project pays specific attention to the interactions between forest carbon stocks, other carbon stocks affected by land use, the major drivers of land-use and forest change, and the livelihoods of the hundreds of millions of people whose actions shape these changes. The project is implemented by the ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins in collaboration with local and international research partners in eight countries: Indonesia, Philippines, China, Nepal, Vietnam, Cameroon, Peru and Tanzania.

Frequently asked questions - Top 10 questions about FSC Frequently asked questions - Top 10 questions about FSC 16.08.2013 | 1.3 MiB

Please find in this document, the top 10 questions about FSC: 1. There are so many labels. Why should I buy FSC? What others say about FSC? What is the Forest Stewardship Council? What is the problem and what solutions does FSC offer? Why should I become FSC certified? Who makes the FSC rules? What changes do FSC rules require foresters to make? Who can become an FSC Member? Why was FSC created? How is FSC funded? Read more…

Eric Tollens (June 2010): Potential Impacts of Agriculture Development on the Forest Cover in the Congo Basin, World Bank Eric Tollens (June 2010): Potential Impacts of Agriculture Development on the Forest Cover in the Congo Basin, World Bank 16.08.2013 | 1.3 MiB

This document presents two scenarios which are developed for agriculture/livestock development over the next 10-15 years. The first one is "continuation" or business as usual, whereby food imports from the world market increase each year, including animal products, particularly rice, wheat, sugar and palm oil. Agricultural production will increase every year but only at about half the rate of population growth. Under the "Maputo scenario", a gradual transition will occur from shifting cultivation to permanent agriculture, relying on agro-forestry practices and integrated soil fertility management, with tree crops such as cocoa, coffee, rubber, oil palm, and fruit trees as important cash crops. The choice between both scenarios is very much a political choice, and repeated food crises, which maybe will be happening in the future, may influence this choice. Also REDD+ funds and PES from the international community may induce the "Maputo scenario" to become a reality.

IDH Congo Basin Program (2011): to have an additional 4 million ha of forest concession certified by 2015 IDH Congo Basin Program (2011): to have an additional 4 million ha of forest concession certified by 2015 16.08.2013 | 318.2 KiB

This document highlights the Congo Basin Program of the IDH which has now officially started its activities. The main objective of this program is to have an additional 4 million ha of forest concession certified by 2015. It’s an information sheet with more detailed information about the Congo Basin Program and the opportunities to become a partner.

European Tropical Forest Research Network (2010): Biodiversity Conservation in Certified Forests - Issue no. 51, September 2010 European Tropical Forest Research Network (2010): Biodiversity Conservation in Certified Forests - Issue no. 51, September 2010 16.08.2013 | 2.8 MiB

More than 15 years have passed since the first forest certificate was issued in tropical high forests; it should now be possible to evaluate the impacts of certification on biodiversity. Regulators and representatives of philanthropic groups, NGOs, and development agencies — which have contributed so much to improve forest management — also want to know whether certification is working for biodiversity. They are supported by more than three quarters of the respondents (88%), who thought that greater emphasis on documenting the biodiversity benefits of certification was important or very important. The topic is the rationale of this issue of ETFRN News. It brings together 33 articles that discuss this topic from various perspectives. This document was funded by the Government of the Netherlands, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH – German Technical Cooperation, commissioned by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.

FAO - IFAD and ILO (2010): Gender dimensions of agricultural and rural employment: Differentiated pathways out of poverty Status FAO - IFAD and ILO (2010): Gender dimensions of agricultural and rural employment: Differentiated pathways out of poverty Status 16.08.2013 | 2.6 MiB

The report reflects the latest thinking on the gender dimensions of rural poverty. The cornerstone of its analysis is the United Nation’s Decent Work Agenda, which calls for creating better jobs for both women and men, obtaining social protection for all rural workers, ensuring that labour standards apply to all rural workers and promoting rural institutions that equally represent women’s and men’s interests.

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) et Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (giz) GmbH (2011): Biodiversity and Likehood : REDD advantages Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) et Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (giz) GmbH (2011): Biodiversity and Likehood : REDD advantages 16.08.2013 | 3.4 MiB

This brochure shows how measures and policies can be designed in a way that helps both to control climate change, loss of biodiversity and to eradicate poverty. It identifies opportunities to establish a synergy and mutually strengthen the objectives of international agreements, especially the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), as well as decisions taken the UN General Assembly in accordance with the recommendations of the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF). "The importance of biodiversity and means of subsistence was recognized at different levels in the preparation of REDD-plus. In order to ensure these advantages, new levels of collaboration shall be required between the various actors at national and international levels.

TIM CHRISTOPHERSEN, CAROLINE BELAIR and ROBERT NASI (2011): Addressing the bushmeat crisis - Opportunities through forest certification TIM CHRISTOPHERSEN, CAROLINE BELAIR and ROBERT NASI (2011): Addressing the bushmeat crisis - Opportunities through forest certification 16.08.2013 | 402.9 KiB

This article show that forest certification has the potential to contribute to the conservation and sustainable management of species presently hunted at unsustainable levels in tropical forests.(source from RZ June 28; edited by PH July 2).

Hans Schipulle (2011) in Rural 21: A forest conservation network: the experience of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership Hans Schipulle (2011) in Rural 21: A forest conservation network: the experience of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership 16.08.2013 | 3.8 MiB

The Congo Basin Forest Partnership aims to reconcile forest conservation with forest use. This article explains what a "policy network“ of this sort can achieve and where its limits lie. For more information contact: Dr Hans Schipulle - From 2007 to 2010 Coordinator – “Facilitator” of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership on behalf of BMZ, Bonn, Germany (hans.schipulle@gmx.de)

Source:  Rural 21: The international Journal for Rural Development, No 2 / 2011 Volume 45

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) (2011): Global FSC certificates: type and distribution Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) (2011): Global FSC certificates: type and distribution 16.08.2013 | 1.0 MiB

This document reports on certification around the world, including the Congo Basin which recently recorded over 5 million hectares of certified forest, i.e. 70 percent of certified forests (natural forests and plantations) in Africa, and 29.2 percent of tropical forests worldwide.

CIEFE - IMAFLORA (2006) : Forest certification FSC - Simple guide CIEFE - IMAFLORA (2006) : Forest certification FSC - Simple guide 16.08.2013 | 1.4 MiB

This guide is simple and enables a better comprehension of the FSC certification  (Authors : Centre International d’Etudes Forestières et Environnementales - IMAFLORA: Instituto de Manejo e Certifi cação Florestale Agrícola (Imaflora))

Rights and Resources Initiative (2011): Large-Scale Acquisition of Rights on Forest Lands in Africa Rights and Resources Initiative (2011): Large-Scale Acquisition of Rights on Forest Lands in Africa 16.08.2013 | 0.0 Byte

The main question in this article is whether timber concessions allocated in Central Africa can be considered as part of the large-scale land acquisition (LSLA) process that is currently the subject of international debate, and mainly targets arable lands. What criteria can we use to answer this question?

Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) (2010): Trimester Synthetic Note on COMIFAC ‘activities and the state of progress (October – December) Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) (2010): Trimester Synthetic Note on COMIFAC ‘activities and the state of progress (October – December) 16.08.2013 | 161.7 KiB

In this report, you will find COMIFAC’ activities during the last trimester which are oriented on the following topics: (1) Information, communication and promotion of the COMIFAC, (2) promotion of the regional dialogue and the capacity building, (3) International Dialogue on forest and environment and regional programs and (4) Council of Ministers

CIFOR 2011: Climate change highlights need for women to take greater role in forest management, experts say ahead of International Women's Day CIFOR 2011: Climate change highlights need for women to take greater role in forest management, experts say ahead of International Women's Day 16.08.2013 | 227.7 KiB

This press release shows that greater involvement of women in forest management usually improves the condition and sustainability of the forests. The importance of this has taken on new significance with billions of dollars being pledged to protect and enhance the world's forests because of their role in slowing the rate of climate change.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (201) State of the world’s forests 2011 (SOFO) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (201) State of the world’s forests 2011 (SOFO) 16.08.2013 | 2.6 MiB

This ninth biennial issue of State of the World’s Forests is being launched at the outset of 2011, the International Year of Forests. This Year aims to promote awareness and understanding of forests and forestry issues. The chapters assembled for this year’s State of the World’s Forests draw attention to four key areas that warrant greater attention during the International Year of Forests and beyond: (1) regional trends on forest resources; (2) the development of sustainable forest industries; (3) climate change adaptation and mitigation; and (4) the local value of forests.

Alain Karsenty (2011): Large-Scale Acquisition of Rights on Forest Lands in Africa Alain Karsenty (2011): Large-Scale Acquisition of Rights on Forest Lands in Africa 16.08.2013 | 1.5 MiB

This report seeks to answer whether timber concessions allocated, among others, in Central Africa can be considered as part of the large-scale land acquisition (LSLA) process that is currently the subject of international debate, mainly targeting arable lands. It suggests also that the current forest concession system in Africa is declining due to several factors.

Denis J. Sonwa, Sarah Walker, Robert Nasi, Markku Kanninen (décembre 2010): Potential synergies of the main current forestry efforts and climate change mitigation in Central Africa - CIFOR Denis J. Sonwa, Sarah Walker, Robert Nasi, Markku Kanninen (décembre 2010): Potential synergies of the main current forestry efforts and climate change mitigation in Central Africa - CIFOR 16.08.2013 | 201.0 KiB

Dans ce document, les auteurs dressent brièvement l’état des lieux de la foresterie et les secteurs y reliés et explorent les synergies relatifs aux nouvelles opportunités naissantes du financement du carbone. Ils commencent par présenter une évaluation des changements actuels dans l’utilisation des terres et des paysages dans le Bassin du Congo et leur impact sur des stocks de carbone. Ils explorent alors les synergies potentielles entre l’atténuation et les activités forestières dans la région et les premiers efforts existants vers le marché du carbone.

Alain Karsenty (2010) : Coupled the incentives of Conservation and investment. CIRAD Alain Karsenty (2010) : Coupled the incentives of Conservation and investment. CIRAD 16.08.2013 | 522.7 KiB

This new policy brief is about payments for environmental services from a sustainable development perspective.

Charlie Pye-Smith (2010): Cameroon’s hidden harvest Charlie Pye-Smith (2010): Cameroon’s hidden harvest 16.08.2013 | 1.8 MiB

The trade in illegally harvested timber provides a living for more than 45,000 people, a major source of income for corrupt officials and not a cent for the state.

CIFOR (2010): Distribution of Timber Fees to Communities in Cameroon Compromised by Confusion and Corruption: Providing Lessons for Global Efforts to develop equitable distribution of REDD+ revenues. CIFOR (2010): Distribution of Timber Fees to Communities in Cameroon Compromised by Confusion and Corruption: Providing Lessons for Global Efforts to develop equitable distribution of REDD+ revenues. 16.08.2013 | 111.7 KiB

CIFOR study pinpointing problems in Cameroon instructive for plans to distribute forest-based carbon revenues under the REDD+ mechanism

Pierre RADANNE ; Emeline DIAZ ; Ken XIE (2010) : Analysis brief on the climate negotiations Pierre RADANNE ; Emeline DIAZ ; Ken XIE (2010) : Analysis brief on the climate negotiations 16.08.2013 | 926.4 KiB

This analysis brief is aimed at facilitating understanding of the current state of the climate negotiations. It analyzes and suggests possible ways of moving forward in the negotiations in an educational format accessible to the general public. This analysis brief comprises an executive summary followed by a full report.

The Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) (2010) : A quarterly synthesis report on the COMIFAC progress (July - September) The Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) (2010) : A quarterly synthesis report on the COMIFAC progress (July - September) 16.08.2013 | 525.2 KiB

The present document reports on the COMIFAC activities at the time of third quarters 2010. These activities were related to the following components: (I) Planning and coordination of the Convergence Plan implementation, (II) Information, communication and promotion of the COMIFAC, (III) Promotion of the regional dialogue and capacity building, and (iv) international Dialogue on forests and environment and regional programs.

Pierre RADANNE ; Emeline DIAZ ; Ken XIE (2010) : Analysis brief on the climate negotiations Pierre RADANNE ; Emeline DIAZ ; Ken XIE (2010) : Analysis brief on the climate negotiations 16.08.2013 | 926.4 KiB

This analysis brief is aimed at facilitating understanding of the current state of the climate negotiations. It analyzes and suggests possible ways of moving forward in the negotiations in an educational format accessible to the general public. This analysis brief comprises an executive summary followed by a full report.

Pierre RADANNE ; Emeline DIAZ ; Ken XIE (2010) : Analysis brief on the climate negotiations. Executive summary Pierre RADANNE ; Emeline DIAZ ; Ken XIE (2010) : Analysis brief on the climate negotiations. Executive summary 16.08.2013 | 181.2 KiB

This analysis brief is aimed at facilitating understanding of the current state of the climate negotiations. It analyzes and suggests possible ways of moving forward in the negotiations in an educational format accessible to the general public. This analysis brief comprises an executive summary followed by a full report.

Hans Gregersen, Hosny El Lakany, Alain Karsenty and Andy White (2010): Does the Opportunity Cost Approach Indicate the Real Cost of REDD+? Rights and Realities of Paying for REDD+ Hans Gregersen, Hosny El Lakany, Alain Karsenty and Andy White (2010): Does the Opportunity Cost Approach Indicate the Real Cost of REDD+? Rights and Realities of Paying for REDD+ 16.08.2013 | 847.0 KiB

In this paper the authors question whether the opportunity cost approach used in many of the major global climate change studies provides realistic cost estimates for use in designing REDD+ programs

Unasylva 234/235: XIII World Forestry Congress Unasylva 234/235: XIII World Forestry Congress 16.08.2013 | 1.8 MiB

A special double issue sampling the wide-ranging information presented at the world’s largest forest-related gathering, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina from 18 to 23 October 2009. With articles from each of the seven main thematic areas of the congress, as well as an overview of the event and its recommendations.

ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins (2010): Reducing emissions from deforestation, inside and outside the ‘forest’ ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins (2010): Reducing emissions from deforestation, inside and outside the ‘forest’ 16.08.2013 | 4.6 MiB

The present policy brief reports on some key results from Indonesia. New data suggests that one-third of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation originates from areas not officially defined as ‘forest’. Accounting for carbon in the whole landscape and Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses (REALU) can make emissions reductions more effective.

ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins (2009): Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses: The case for a whole landscape approach ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins (2009): Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses: The case for a whole landscape approach 16.08.2013 | 416.8 KiB

New in the present policy brief (13) is that a whole-landscape approach to reducing emissions and managing carbon stocks can help address the drivers of deforestation, reduce problems such as leakage, and enhance the participation of developing countries in a REDD deal. ASB Special Focus on “Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses”.

UNDP (2010): The outcomes of Copenhagen: The Negotiations & The Accord. UNDP Environment & Energy Group climate policy series UNDP (2010): The outcomes of Copenhagen: The Negotiations & The Accord. UNDP Environment & Energy Group climate policy series 16.08.2013 | 404.6 KiB

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the substantive results of the Copenhagen Conference, including the status of the negotiations on the key issues under the formal negotiating tracks and the provisions of the Copenhagen Accord, and to draw implications for implementation of actions in developing countries. It is important to note that the analysis in this paper is based upon the UNFCCC negotiating texts as they stand in February 2010.

GTZ – CBD (2010): Biodiversity and Livelihoods: REDD benefits. Information brochure GTZ – CBD (2010): Biodiversity and Livelihoods: REDD benefits. Information brochure 16.08.2013 | 2.3 MiB

The brochure provides background information on the linkages between ecosystem-based adaptation and mitigation measures. It aims to introduce experts, in particular those from the field of climate change, to the basic concepts of "forest biodiversity" and "ecosystem-based adaptation", which are important to the connection between mitigation and adaptation.

Global Mechanism Team (2010): Central Africa's Billion Dollar Lands. Information Notes Global Mechanism Team (2010): Central Africa's Billion Dollar Lands. Information Notes 16.08.2013 | 8.8 KiB

Central African countries could save billions by investing in their lands, a study on the Costs of Land Degradation has revealed. Whether in the lush tropical forest ecosystems of the Congo Basin, or the drylands of northern Cameroon and Chad, illegal logging, deforestation and poor agricultural practices are costing the region approximately USD 5 billion every year. And this may be just the tip of the iceberg, with a more recent in-depth study warning that the annual bill could be up to USD 2 billion in Cameroon alone. Next to the considerable toll on countries' economies, long term ecosystem decline is aggravating food, health and energy crises and conflicts over the use of land, water and forest resources.

FAO (2010): World deforestation decreases, but remains alarming in many countries. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010 (FRA 2010) FAO (2010): World deforestation decreases, but remains alarming in many countries. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010 (FRA 2010) 16.08.2013 | 4.9 MiB

FAO publishes key findings of global forest resources assessment. The FRA 2010 is the most comprehensive assessment of forests and forestry to date - not only in terms of the number of countries and people involved - but also in terms of scope. The results are presented according to the seven thematic elements of sustainable forest management. Biggest losses in South America, Africa: South America and Africa had the highest net annual loss of forests in 2000-2010, with four and 3.4 million hectares respectively. Oceania also registered a net loss, due partly to severe drought in Australia since 2000. 

 

FAO - ITTO (2010): Forest governance and climate-change mitigation. A policy brief- 2,04 M FAO - ITTO (2010): Forest governance and climate-change mitigation. A policy brief- 2,04 M 16.08.2013 | 2.0 MiB

Between August 2006 and July 2008, the FAO and the ITTO jointly funded and convened five workshops - in Southeast Asia, West Africa, Central Africa, the Amazon Basin and Mesoamerica - to promote a multi-sectoral dialogue between countries on improving forest law compliance. The present policy brief summarizes the main findings of those workshops and highlights the lessons learned from experiences on the ground related to forest law compliance and governance elements necessary to optimize the role of forests in mitigating climate change.

Duncan Brack (2010): Controlling Illegal Logging: Consumer-Country Measures. Briefing paper – 261 KB Duncan Brack (2010): Controlling Illegal Logging: Consumer-Country Measures. Briefing paper – 261 KB 16.08.2013 | 260.4 KiB

This brief examines a series of measures in more detail which have been taken by consumer countries to try to ensure that they exclude illegal timber products from their markets. It highlights the implications for exporters of timber products to the consumer countries in question.

Costenbader, John (eds.) (2009): Legal Frameworks for REDD: Design and Implementation at the National Level. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland Costenbader, John (eds.) (2009): Legal Frameworks for REDD: Design and Implementation at the National Level. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland 16.08.2013 | 3.2 MiB

This book includes case studies from Brazil, Cameroon, Guyana and Papua New Guinea, which serve as a basis for further analysis and recommendations for the development of laws and regulations for REDD. The report identifies the following four main themes central to ensuring successful REDD legal regimes and elaborates relevant legal and policy considerations with regard to each: (1) Ownership of Land, Forest and Carbon; (2) Participation, Balancing of Rights and Interests, and Prior Informed Consent; (3) Benefit Sharing; (4) Additionality and Permanence.

Alain Karsenty (2009): Deforestation and climate change: Acting on the causes. CIRAD Forests /Climate Change, Perspective no.1. 271 KB. Alain Karsenty (2009): Deforestation and climate change: Acting on the causes. CIRAD Forests /Climate Change, Perspective no.1. 271 KB. 16.08.2013 | 271.8 KiB

What the (carbon) market cannot do... A policy brief on the effectiveness of instruments designed to tackle deforestation, with a special emphasis on the REDD mechanism expected to be launched at Copenhagen.

CIRAD- Le Monde: Fight against deforestation; be careful to mirages! 9.384 KB CIRAD- Le Monde: Fight against deforestation; be careful to mirages! 9.384 KB 16.08.2013 | 9.2 MiB

As pressure goes heavier on the eve of the Copenhagen conference on climate change slated from 7 to 18 December and which aims at finding an agreement with regard to REDD, Alain Karsenty, economist in the International Cooperation Centre in Agronomic Research for Development (CIRAD) and expert at the World Bank, warns against this danger during an interview granted to Le Monde newspaper in October 10, 2009 at 3:02 pm. The interview was recorded by Laurence Caramel.

ECOFAC (2009): CANOPÉE- Number 28. 1,52 M ECOFAC (2009): CANOPÉE- Number 28. 1,52 M 16.08.2013 | 1.5 MiB

The review is a publication of technical and scientific diffusion of knowledges related to the functioning of Central African ecosystems and protected areas. Amongst topics: Towards a territorial approach of sustainable management of forests resources - Recent advanced in the conservation of the tortoises - Giants behind the trees,...

Helene Muller-Landau (2008) Carbon Cycle: sink in the African Jungle. Nature Vol 457 Feb 2009 Helene Muller-Landau (2008) Carbon Cycle: sink in the African Jungle. Nature Vol 457 Feb 2009 16.08.2013 | 1.3 MiB

Apparently pristine African tropical forests are increasing in tree biomass, making them net absorbers of carbon dioxide. Is this a sign of atmospheric change, or of recovery from past trauma? The Smithonian Institute has published an article comparing different research methodologies and resulats, and suggesting that the role of forests in the global carbon cycle is more significant and more complex than commonly appreciated.  

A. Karsenty et al (2008) A. Karsenty et al (2008) "Regulating Industrial forest concessions in Central Africa and South America", Forest Ecology and Management 256 16.08.2013 | 322.2 KiB

This paper is the outcome of a collaboration of excellence between the French institutions CIRAD/Sciences Po Paris and the Brazilian PROCAM. It contribues directly to the ongoing discussion concerning systemic incentives in different kind of concession systems and their ability to shape actor's choices for or against a strategy resulting in sustainable forest management..

The Little REDD Book. Global Canopy Programme, November 2008. The Little REDD Book. Global Canopy Programme, November 2008. 16.08.2013 | 1.7 MiB

The "Little REDD Book" is a guide to aid understanding of the UN mechanism for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD).

Alain Karsenty (2008) Alain Karsenty (2008) "The architecture of proposed REDD scheme after Bali: facing critical choices" 16.08.2013 | 313.3 KiB

Alain Karsenty is a researcher at CIRAD, the article has been published in a special edition of The International Forest Review on "REDD and the Evolution of an International Forest Regime".

Making REDD work for the Poor (2008) A Poverty Environment Partnership Report Making REDD work for the Poor (2008) A Poverty Environment Partnership Report 16.08.2013 | 643.3 KiB

Whilst there are many reasons to ‘make REDD work for the poor’, notably the potential to enhance the sustainability of REDD systems by reducing conflict over resources, there are various interpretations of what this would mean in practice. Two major options include ‘no harm’ REDD, which aims to avoid increased threats to the poor, and ‘pro-poor’ REDD, which actively seeks to deliver benefits to the poor. Different stakeholders in REDD may be interested in different options, but there are concerns that adding poverty reduction objectives could reduce the overall effectiveness and efficiency of what is essentially an environmental mechanism.

N. Sasaki et F. Putz (2008) Do Definitions of Forest and Forest Degradation Matter in the REDD Agreement? N. Sasaki et F. Putz (2008) Do Definitions of Forest and Forest Degradation Matter in the REDD Agreement? 16.08.2013 | 140.9 KiB

This work, presented during COP14 in Poznan, has been funded through the Harvard Forest’s Charles Bullard Fellowship in Forest Research for Advanced Research and Study

G. Porter, N. Bird, N. Kaur et L. Peskett (2008) G. Porter, N. Bird, N. Kaur et L. Peskett (2008) "New Finance for Climate Change and the Environment". 16.08.2013 | 1.0 MiB

This research study, financed by WWF and the Heinrich Böll Foundation,  has been undertaken as a joint exercise by Gareth Porter and researchers from the Overseas Development Institute. Overall advice and guidance has been provided by David Reed of the Macroeconomics for Sustainable Development Program Office, WWF.

Katerere Y., Minang P.A. and Vanhanen H. (eds.)August 2009. Making Sub-Saharan African Forests Work for People and Nature Katerere Y., Minang P.A. and Vanhanen H. (eds.)August 2009. Making Sub-Saharan African Forests Work for People and Nature 16.08.2013 | 938.9 KiB
This policy brief seeks to provide options on how countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and their forests can respond strategically to global drivers, summarised as key messages and policy recommendations.