ITTO: Managing tropical forest biodiversity across international borders
An ecoregional approach within an international framework can effectively conserve forests and forest biodiversity in transboundary areas, according to conservation projects showcased at the 13th Conference of the Parties (COP13) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), underway in Cancun, Mexico.
Many tropical forests rich in biodiversity straddle international borders, but conserving these forests and enabling local and indigenous communities with shared origins and cultures to interact across such borders has proved challenging.
The outcomes and lessons learned in projects the Emerald Triangle Protected Forests Complex (ETPFC) shared by Thailand, Cambodia and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and in the Greater Gola Landscape between Liberia and Sierra Leone were presented at a side-event organized jointly by ITTO, CBD and BirdLife International. The side-event, which was held on 8 December 2016, was titled “Borderless conservation in a borderless world: Efforts of countries to conserve tropical forest biodiversity in transboundary areas”. The presentations showed how international cooperation was essential for the sustainable management of transboundary forest areas and the protection of the biodiversity contained in them, while also helping local people maintain cultural links across borders.
On behalf of Cambodia’s Forest Administration, Mr Chheang Dany presented the outcomes of the ITTO-funded project PD 577/10 Rev.1 (F): “Management of the ETPFC to promote cooperation for transboundary biodiversity conservation between Thailand, Cambodia and Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Phase III)”. The ETPFC covers an area of 653 400 hectares and is one of the most important biodiversity conservation corridors of the greater Mekong subregion, offering refuge to 50 wildlife species on the IUCN Red List, including ten critically endangered species. The project has strengthened the protection of the transboundary area through joint monitoring, capacity building and research, empowered local communities, and improved livelihoods.
Mr Pepe Clarke, Head of Policy, BirdLife International, informed side-event participants that the Greater Gola Landscape is a transboundary mosaic covering 300 000 hectares of protected and community-managed forests between Sierra Leone and Liberia. It is a hotspot of biodiversity and home to 327 bird species, 31 fresh water fish, nine species of threatened mammals, including the pygmy hippopotamus, western chimpanzee, Jentink’s duiker and African forest elephant, and 2880 species of vascular plants. The BirdLife International-funded project has been working on forest protection, REDD+, community engagement, sustainable livelihoods and wildlife monitoring.
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