Convention on Climate Change and Biodiversity: Validation of Parliamentary Position Papers for the Conferences of the Parties on Biodiversity and Climate
The sub-regional workshop for the validation of the position papers of parliamentarians of the sub-region for Conferences of the Parties on Biodiversity (CoP15) and Climate (CoP26) to be held respectively in Kunming, China and Glasgow, Scotland was held from 12 to 15 October 2021 in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Organised in collaboration with the Network of Parliamentarians for the Sustainable Management of Central African Forest Ecosystems (REPAR - AC), this activity benefited from the technical support of the GIZ Regional Project in support of COMIFAC.
Family photo of the meeting
This meeting which lasted 4 days of exchanges, gathered about forty Parliamentarians from the countries of the Central African sub-region namely: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Gabon, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe; as well as a range of sub-regional technical experts. The objective of these meetings was to continue the reflections and validate the two position papers of the Central African Parliamentarians, which are faithful to the challenges of biological conservation and climate preservation. And on the other hand, to adopt the sub-regional strategy for the implementation of the concept "One Health" of REPAR - AC.
Reiterating from the outset the capital importance that the preservation and conservation of biodiversity symbolizes for the maintenance of humanity, Honourable Colette TSHOMBA, representative of His Excellency Christophe MBOSO N'KODIA PWANGA, President of the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Congo, recalled in the presence of the Minister of State for Rural Development, the need to develop two parliamentary position papers considering the sub-regional realities in terms of conservation and climate change. The year 2021 is very strategic for the future of humanity, conditioned by the fight against the loss of biodiversity and the increase in the earth's temperature. "These position papers should really raise the problems facing by countries of the sub-region. Our countries are confronted with development needs on the one hand and concerns about nature protection on the other. However, no development can take place without destroying nature. That is why it is appropriate that the issue of compensation is raised again. We do accept sustainable development, but we need resources for it," said Honourable Colette TSHOMBA.
These words were also supported by the Regional Coordinator of REPAR, who mentioned the continuity of this reflection which comes two years after a previous information workshop for Parliamentarians on the issue of biodiversity conservation within the framework of the preservation of Central African forests. He went on to explain the major challenges that CoP15 and CoP26 represent for the sub-region. During these future major international meetings, it will be necessary to take stock of the commitments made to developing countries, in order to conclude negotiations for the implementation of various points of the Agreement: "the current crux of the discussions lies precisely in the need for industrialised countries to raise their ambitions to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. For the Congo Basin... the challenge is immense". Thus, giving the meaning of the formulation of these position papers, which the Regional Coordinator of REPAR recalled that the first drafts had been pre-validated during the consultation and planning workshop of the strategic framework of REPAR held in Brazzaville in the course of the year 2021.
The work was then marked by a series of plenary presentations and a guided field visit to the N'sele Valley Park, about sixty kilometres from Kinshasa. This visit allowed participants to get a first-hand experience of a typical model of Public Private Partnership in conservation.
To close the meeting, participants adopted the position notes to be carried by the Parliamentarians at the CBD COP15 and UNFCCC COP26, as well as the adoption of their sub-regional strategy which will be led to the elaboration of a sub-regional advocacy in favour of the concept "One Health".
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Here we summarize the discussions regarding how Central African countries could achieve the 30 × 30 target by addressing the following four matters. (1) Several financing mechanisms centred on forest carbon sequestration have started. Yet despite awareness of the importance of biodiversity and the fight against climate change, funding remains cruelly short of the required 10-fold scaling up. (2) Public–private partnerships, in which governments delegate the management of protected areas to private partners, have shown increased management efficiency and financing. Please download the Document....
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Distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen, it gives me great pleasure to declare open the twenty-seventh session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Friends, let me begin by thanking our friends here in Egypt for such a warm welcome.
We are five days from the start of the 2022 UN Climate Change Conference (COP27). As COP President, Egypt is proud to host more than 45,000 registered COP27 participants representing Parties, UN and regional organizations, businesses, the scientific community, indigenous and local communities and civil society to jointly enhance and accelerate the implementation of climate action and follow up on our collective commitments and pledges. We hope that the welcoming people and natural beauty of Sharm El Sheikh can provide some inspiration for us to take the very needed meaningful steps to fight for the people and planet and save lives and livelihoods.
Cairo, Egypt - November 2022 – COP27, the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference, hosted by Egypt in Sharm El Sheikh will see delegates from around the world participate in the annual climate change negotiations. With over 40,000 estimated attendees, the summit is expected to host one of the largest number of participants in the annual global climate conference, which is running from November 6 to 18 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.
Gabon has just been certified for carbon credit by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The government welcomes a step forward for the marketing of carbon credits in Gabon. On Friday 7 October 2022, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) published́ its report on the technical analysis of Gabon’s activities over the period 2010-2018 on reducing emissions from deforestation, forest degradation, as well as conservation of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+).
Experts agree there has been “some movement” but inclusivity, political goodwill and resources are still needed. When leaders from 141 countries signed the Glasgow Declaration on Forests and Land Use, a critical step had been made in recognizing forests as critical in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement. However, what will it take to achieve these commitments? How have governments “walked the talk” so far and what support is needed to reach the six key efforts declared by the world leaders?
Previously unrecognized, the Congo Basin’s Cuvette Centrale is now seen as an important carbon sink and the world’s largest undisturbed tropical peatland. Safeguarding this newfound treasure means actors on both sides of the border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the Republic of the Congo (RoC) will need to work together to anticipate threats and govern proactively.