CBFP Meeting - GIZ Side event: "Experiences of taking into account human rights in the processes of sustainable management of forests and protected areas in the COMIFAC area".

Organized on the sidelines of the 8th Meeting of the CBFP's Governing Council, the Side Event on "Experiences in taking into account human rights in the processes of sustainable management of forests and protected areas in the COMIFAC area" was an appropriate opportunity for the different programs, projects and non-governmental organizations involved in biodiversity conservation activities and protection of indigenous heritage, including REPALEAC, GIZ-BGF, GIZ-COMIFAC and GIZ-COMIFAC-BSB-Yamoussa to share success stories, key challenges and work sites they are facing.

Conscious that the conservation of biodiversity in the COMIFAC space will only be meaningful if it takes into consideration the concerns and rights of indigenous and local communities. Following an introduction by REPALEAC, the side event allowed the exchange of experiences and reflection in relation to the following three themes:

  • The consideration of human rights in the conservation process in the DRC;
  • Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC);
  • The consideration of human rights and FPIC in the relocation process of indigenous communities.

 

a. BGF's support to biodiversity conservation in the DRC: Taking into account HR in different processes. By Mignonne Kayoyo, CT Norms and Standards, PA Networking

Within the framework of its mission to manage the entire network of protected areas in the DRC, the Congolese Institute for the Conservation of Nature (ICCN) is facing serious problems related to population growth, poaching and other anthropogenic pressures. Moreover, the history of the creation of protected areas indicates that it was done without the consent of the local communities because of policy restrictions, relocation of villages and expropriation of their land; to this day, some communities are claiming their rights to these lands or adequate compensation measures as is the case in PNKB and PNL. The resettlement of indigenous peoples at the time of the creation of the parks (PNKB, PNL, PNS, etc.), without consultation in the logic of FPIC or adequate compensation, has had serious repercussions on the rights of these communities and is an underlying factor in many of the challenges that have persisted since then.

From the above, the context is conducive to conflicts between local communities, indigenous peoples and eco-guards and indeed ICCN as the entity responsible for the management of protected areas in the DRC. Unfortunately, these conflicts are also sometimes opportunities for human rights abuses that have been decried in several protected areas, among which mainly Salonga National Park/SANP and KahuziBiega National Park/KBNP, which is part of the intervention sites of the GIZ program for the sustainable management of biodiversity and forests in the DRC (BGF).

The methodological approach applied by the BGF in terms of human rights initially targeted vulnerable populations (women, IPs) in a cross-cutting manner through awareness-raising activities and support for targeted community initiatives.  Following the accentuation of conflicts between communities and ICCN in certain parks in the DRC, particularly in KBNP from 2018, the Standards and Norms component of the BGF reoriented its strategic approach in order to improve relations between local communities, particularly IPs, and park managers in its intervention zones, particularly around KBNP. This approach has been developed through targeted support to different groups of actors, likely to play a direct or indirect role in the pacification of the relations between ICCN and the indigenous communities in both current and future processes.

The results achieved are structured according to the principles of the guide on the consideration of human rights in conservation developed by the GIZ….

b. Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC). By Julia Metsio Siena, PhD. GIZ «Regional Support to COMIFAC ".

A fundamental principle in international law presents FPIC (Free Prior Informed Consent) as the right of indigenous peoples and local communities (ICLC) to give their opinion on any development project that may have an impact on their way of life and well-being. This requires that they are first well informed about the planned project (knowingly) and free (without intimidation or coercion) to participate freely in project negotiations. Consent must be obtained prior to the beginning of any activity and until the end of the process, the ICLC retain their right to make their views known. Therefore, in order to have valid consent, it is essential to ensure that the entire community gives its point of view, for example through representatives freely chosen by the community itself.

It is to this end that a pilot initiative of COMIFAC on the development of a consensual approach to FPIC in the protected areas of the COMIFAC area based on existing experiences was set up in the Tri national de la Sangha (TNS) and in the Yamoussa BSB Complex and Lomami NP. It aims to contribute to a better respect of human rights and a better participation of the ICLC in the sustainable management of protected areas. Its implementation will promote at the same time the appropriation by the ICLC of biodiversity conservation projects, which will in turn benefit from the important knowledge that these ICLC have accumulated over generations. …

 

c. Relocation of villages located in the BSB Yamoussa Transboundary Complex/Sena Oura National Park, Chad: Experiences in taking into account human rights and FPIC. By Jean Jadot ONDOBO, GIZ/BSB Yamoussa.

The Support Project for the Sena-Oura - Bouba-Ndjida Binational Complex (BSB Yamoussa) is part of the Congo Basin Sustainable Forest Management Program funded by the German Technical Cooperation for Development (GIZ) in support of the Central African Forest Commission (COMIFAC). The complex consists of the Bouba Ndjidda National Park (NPBN) in Cameroon and Sena Oura National Park (SONP) in Chad and their peripheral areas.

 

In order to guarantee the conservation of the biodiversity of the SONP, an activity of relocation of the villages installed in the park has been carried out by a platform of actors constituted among others by the BSB Yamoussa project II, the populations of the Cantons of Dari and Kounadji, the Chadian Ministry of Water, Environment and Fisheries (MEEP), and civil society organizations.

 

This was a process of displacement and resettlement of the populations living in the park. Given the physical (loss of housing), economic (loss of livelihoods or resources to access livelihoods) and cultural impact, the relocation process in the SONP was subject to the principles of respect for human rights and taking into account the specificities and aspirations of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities, .

 

For more information, kindly consult the full article available in French on the following link hereafter: CBFP Meeting - Side event GIZ: "Experiences of taking into account human rights in the processes of sustainable management of forests and protected areas in the COMIFAC area"

 

Find out more...

 

Go back

Partners News

UNEA6 side event – Joint Action Against Nature Crime: A Pathway to Achieving Biodiversity, Climate and Sustainable Development Goals

Ministers and representatives from governments, international organisations, and civil society will explore how multi-sector collaboration in the fight against nature crime can inform wider efforts to tackle the triple planetary crisis during an official side event at the upcoming UN Environment Assembly (UNEA-6) in Nairobi.

Southern Africa Dialogue aims to improve detection and disruption of financial flows linked to nature crime – Nature Crime Alliance

Financial crime analysts, industry experts and law enforcement officers from across Southern Africa assembled in Cape Town last week for the first in a new series of regional meetings aimed at tackling illicit financial flows associated with nature crime.

Second ministerial conference on ‘Transhumance-Protected Areas-Security’ in Central Africa: progress and perspectives

This article by Paul Scholte and Matthew Luizza in Conservation News looks at the progress and prospects for work on transhumance in Central Africa since the second international conference of ministers on transboundary transhumance of July 2023 in Yaoundé.

Cocoa without deforestation: is it possible in Cameroon?

This is the question posed by Development Advocates (GDA) in its new publication: Deforestation-free cocoa in Cameroon: questions, concerns and priorities from smallholder farmers. The document sets out the challenges Cameroon faces in doubling its domestic cocoa production, retaining access to its biggest market (the EU) and reducing the pressure on its forests. Please download the GDA publication...

New body aims to limit pollution’s deadly toll - unep

Pollution is widespread – and often fatal.Dirty air alone is responsible for 6.7 million deaths globally every year, while conservative estimates suggest that in 2019, 5.5 million people died from heart disease linked to lead exposure. To stem the pollution crisis, countries agreed in 2022 to establish a new body that would provide policymakers with robust, independent information on chemicals, waste and pollution.

Press release - Climate Chance Europe 2024 Wallonia summit adaptation to climate change, nature-based solutions and resilience

The Climate Chance Europe 2024 Wallonia Summit "Adaption to climate change, Nature-based Solutions and Resilience" was held at the Palais des Congrès in Liège on 8 and 9 February 2024. Over two days, the Summit brought together nearly 1,000 participants of more than 20 nationalities, from numerous European networks and organisations of non-state actors such as businesses, researchers, civil society and local governments.

Towards UNEA-6: Multilateral solutions to triple planetary crisis - UNEP Speech delivered by Inger Andersen

As the world’s top decision-making body on the environment, UNEA-6 will bring together ministers, intergovernmental organizations, the broader UN system, civil society groups, the scientific community and private sector to shape global environmental policy. This year, we’re expecting more than 70 Ministers and 3,000 delegates to join us in Nairobi. We currently have 20 draft resolutions and two draft decisions submitted for countries to discuss. Ms. Ochalik will share more on this. I will talk about the wider context of UNEA-6, and what it means.

RELEASE: Landscape Restoration Champions Across Africa Receive USD 17.8 Million in Financing from TerraFund for AFR100 - WRI

This second cohort of investments, named TerraFund for AFR100 Landscapes, is restoring land in three of the continent’s vital landscapes: the Lake Kivu and Rusizi River Basin in Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo; the Ghana Cocoa Belt; and the Greater Rift Valley of Kenya. These landscapes were chosen because they provide food and water for millions of people and protect crucial biodiversity; yet they are suffering from decades of degradation.

Tenure Facility joins Congo Basin Forest Partnership

To bolster its work in the region, Tenure Facility has joined the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP), a strategic alliance of countries and organisations dedicated to fostering sustainable practices, improving living conditions, and preserving the rich biodiversity of Central Africa’s tropical forest.Tenure Facility will bring its longstanding collaboration with several stakeholders – including Indigenous Peoples, local communities, organisations, and governments – to CBFP as it works toward finding inclusive and equitable solutions to forest-related challenges.

Turning the corner on environmental crises in 2024 - UNEP

When it comes to climate, we do have something new to build on. Yes, the Dubai Consensus that emerged from COP28 was not everything everyone had hoped for. But it did signal a global decision to move away from fossil fuels, which is critical, as we all know. And, of course, the Loss & Damage Fund was put into operation. This was an important show of solidarity with vulnerable nations, although there is a long way to go to capitalize the fund. The positives did not stop there. We saw new commitments on sustainable cooling and reducing methane emissions. A tripling of renewable energy targets. Nature breakthroughs. Crucially, there was agreement on the framework for the Global Goal on Adaptation.

Strengthening land rights for women and young people supports fair conflict resolution -Tenure Facility

Cicin Juarsim, 52, smiled with joy when the land she has been cultivating officially became hers. “Now I am holding a private ownership certificate in my land. This is not only important for me. This land is important for my children,” said Cicin Juarsim who lives in Muktisari village, Ciamis District, in Indonesia’s western province of Java.

PRESS RELEASE: CBFP Side Event at the 14th Summit of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) in Geneva, Switzerland, Wednesday 24 January 2024, 17:00 - 18:30, Virtual.

Under the aegis of the Co-Facilitator of France, Ambassador Christophe Guilhou, the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP) is taking part in the GFMD and is organising a side event on Wednesday 24 January 2024, from 5.00 pm to 6.30 pm (virtual), on the theme: Meeting between the Sahel and northern equatorial Africa - The challenges of the nexus: cross-border transhumance, survival of protected areas, natural resources, and human lives, development, security and peace.

What is phosphorus and why are concerns mounting about its environmental impact? - UNEP

For months last year, Florida’s beachgoers were plagued by rotting tangles of decaying seaweed that had washed ashore. Known technically as sargassum, the thick clumps were part of a record-setting 8,000-kilometre-long seaweed belt in the Atlantic Ocean. Sargassum blooms cause a range of environmental problems, including coastal “dead zones” bereft of aquatic life. Past sargassum outbreaks have been linked to the excessive release of phosphorus and other chemical substances known as nutrients.

 

SAVE THE DATE - GEF Technical BBL Series: Taking the lessons from Integrated Approach Pilots to the GEF8 Amazon, Congo, and Critical Forest Biome Integrated Program. Tuesday, January 30, 2024, 12:30 - 14:00 pm EST (hybrid event, in English)

Location: Gustavo Fonseca Meeting room (N 8 – 180) and virtually on Zoom. 3. Speakers: Carlos Manuel Rodríguez. CEO and Chairperson of the Global Environment Facility; Ana Maria Gonzalez Velosa, Senior Environmental Specialist, Coordinator of the Amazon Sustainable Landscapes Program, World Bank Group, Latin America Region; Jean-Marc Sinnassamy, Senior Environmental Specialist, Lead of the CFB IP, GEF Secretariat; Charity Nalyanya, Director, Project Management and Technical Oversight, Conservation International (CI); George Akwah Neba, Team Leader of UNEP’s Congo Basin Team; Yawo Jonky Tenou...

Watch the guardians of the forest - Tenure Facility

Seated by a crackling fire burning during an inky night, community elder Cosmas Murunga shares some advice to his audience of young listeners. “As you grow up, women might get married outside of the community. But they shouldn’t forget where they came from,” he says. “And you young men, as you grow, know that you will inherit the ways of your fathers, grandfathers and those of your ancestors.”

Second International Conference of Ministers on Cross-Border Transhumance - Compendium of Country Investment Plans

In the case of Cameroon, the government established an inter sectoral committee chaired by the prime minister office to facilitate development of the country’s PIP. The methodology adopted for writing of this document, followed a participatory approach. After validation of the draft logical framework by the Expert Committee in Douala, the national Steering Committee which brings together various sectoral ministries met in May 2023 to work on priority sectoral activities of the seven strategic axes of the logical framework. A consultant was hired to technically assist the national steering committee in development process of the PIP. The main tasks of the consultant included further consultation of sectoral ministries to discuss priorities, consultation of strategic partners, desktop review of technical reports and other related documents on transhumance, budgeting and development of 5years investment plan.

Welcome to our New Partner: The Tenure Facility!!

Paris, 10 January 2024: The Tenure Facility has officially joined the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP). The Tenure Facility is now one of 126 member countries and organizations who work together to promote sustainable resource management, to combat climate change and its impacts, improve living conditions and protect the unique biodiversity of Central Africa’s tropical forest.

Global Report on Sanitation and Wastewater Management in Cities and Human Settlements -unhabitat

The report, prepared by a consortium led by Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP), and supported by Agence Française de Développement and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, aims to provide professionals and policymakers working at the intersections of water, the environment, health, energy, agriculture, spatial planning, and land use with a global cooperative and cross-sectoral reference on the current situation and developments in sanitation and wastewater and fecal sludge management in cities and human settlements.

Population growth and climate change: The 2023 world population data sheet is now available

The 2023 edition of the Population Reference Bureau’s (PRB) World Population Data Sheet explores the role of population data in helping countries prepare for and adapt to climate change. It finds that “[b]y examining the association between population vulnerability and risk of exposure to climate shocks, decisionmakers can allocate resources to areas of greatest need and prepare essential systems to respond effectively to climate change.”

 

Embracing Digital Health in the Face of Climate Crises - IISD

In recent years, climate crises such as floods, wildfires, drought, and extreme heat have disrupted ecosystems and negatively impacted human health. The Global South is often the hardest hit by climate change. Amid these crises, digital health emerges as a beacon of hope given its ability to provide accessible, cost-effective, and resilient healthcare services, which are increasingly necessary in the face of the growing challenges posed by climate change, particularly in hard-to-reach regions.

Partnering with FMAFS to scale innovation for food security in Nigeria - IITA

The Nigeria Ministry for Agriculture and Food Security is set to collaborate with IITA to scale technologies as part of measures to implement the government’s 8-point agenda. During a recent visit to the office of the Minister for Agriculture and Food Security, Honorable Abubakar Kyari, in Abuja, IITA Director General and Regional Director for CGIAR in Africa, Dr Simeon Ehui, said the Institute values the strong support of the Nigerian government and would like to align with the national programs.

Translating SDGs into Public Policies: A Case for Permanent VNRs - IISD

Last September, 193 UN Member States reaffirmed their commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a shared roadmap, as well as to accelerate progress towards the SDGs. At the same time, countries gathered at the UN General Assembly’s (UNGA) SDG Summit acknowledged that achieving the Global Goals on time is “in peril” due to major setbacks related to multiple global crises.

Summary of the 2023 Dubai Climate Change Conference: 30 November – 13 December 2023

The 2023 Dubai Climate Change Conference began on a high note. During the opening plenary, parties adopted a decision operationalizing the new loss and damage fund that was established the previous year in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, and a number of parties announced pledges for its initial capitalization. This success was made possible by an agreement reached in the Transitional Committee that was tasked and met throughout 2023 to make a recommendation on the institutional arrangements for the fund.

Ambassador Dr. Aurélie Flore Koumba Pambo and Ambassador Christophe Guilhou, Co-Facilitators of the CBFP, wish you the very best for 2024!

Having just completed the 12th meeting of the Governing Council of the CBFP, we would like to thank you once again for the warm reception you gave the Franco-Gabonese Co-Facilitation, which was set up in July 2023. Six months after the start of our Co-Facilitation, we have spoken out on behalf of the Congo Basin at international meetings including...

Forest carbon credits and the voluntary market: A solution or a distraction? - MOGABAY

At the outset of 2023, the voluntary carbon trade seemed poised to expand its reach, boosting the amount of carbon it sought to offset along with the trade’s value. Figures from 2022 suggested the market’s value had reached $2 billion, and current projections suggest it could grow to $10 billion or even $100 billion by 2030 — and into the trillions by 2050.

False claims of U.N. backing see Indigenous groups cede forest rights for sketchy finance - MOGABAY

IQUITOS, Peru — On the Peruvian side of the Yavarí River, overlooking the lush Brazilian shore, a weary Matsés man deletes the latest anonymous threat he received on his cellphone. He thought he and his people had seen it all: invasive logging and oil giants; the marauding cowboys of the first carbon credit rush; the quiet encroachment of illegal fishing and drug-trafficking rings into the Amazon. But then came a new disappointment.

UN Report Projects 2024 Growth to Slow, Inflation to Decline - IISD

The UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) issued the 2024 edition of its flagship World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) report, which projects global economic growth to further slow down from an estimated 2.7% in 2023 to 2.4% in 2024, continuing to trend below the pre-pandemic growth rate of 3%. The report calls for stronger international cooperation to stimulate growth and promote green transition.

SPP on Chemicals and Waste Negotiators “Get More Meat on the Skeleton” - IISD

The Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) summary report of the meeting notes that “air, water, and soil pollution are responsible for an estimated 9 million premature deaths and cost the world trillions of dollars every year.” While “[t]his is about three times the death burden from malaria, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis combined,” “chemicals and waste issues receive less policy and public attention than disease, climate change or biodiversity loss,” it notes.

Overcoming gender barriers helps families in Ethiopia - CIFOR

Research shows positive changes for women and men, increased household income. Ensuring women have fair and equal access to land and resource benefits through Gender Transformative Approaches (GTAs) can yield real benefits such as greater income that impacts the entire family, according to new findings by Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry Centre (CIFOR-ICRAF) scientists.

Closing knowledge gaps in integrated landscape research - CIFOR

Although knowledge gaps concerning integrated landscape approaches (ILA) are closing, there are still as many questions as there are possible solutions around the popular concept, say researchers investigating ILAs.Diverse landscapes across Ghana, Zambia, and Indonesia, where ILAs are being researched, trigger many of the same questions about the impacts on human and environmental well-being, COLANDS team members said during the Forests & Livelihoods: Assessment, Research, and Engagement (FLARE) Network conference in October 2023.

Call for contributions Climate Chance Europe 2024 Wallonia Summit - Share your climate initiatives and innovations in the EU!

European actors committed to adapting to climate change in the European Union, submit your project and contribute to the Climate Chance Europe 2024 Wallonia Summit on 8-9 February in Liège! For the Climate Chance Europe 2024 Wallonia Summit on 8 and 9 February 2024 in Liège, Climate Chance Europe 2024 Wallonia Summit has launching a call for contributions in the European Union! The climate actions selected will be presented by their promoters at the Pitch Corner, a space at the heart of the event. They will also be published on the Cartography for Action, which lists best practices and innovative climate initiatives that can be replicated on a larger scale.

Side event of the CBFP at the 14th Summit of the Global Forum on Migration and Development in Geneva, Wednesday 24 January 2024, 5.00 p.m. - 6.30 p.m. - Concept note

This side event aims to delve deeper into the key take aways of the implementation of the Ndjamena Declaration on peaceful transhumance between the Sahel and northern equatorial Africa. The Event will present practical cases from the field and the country investment plans compendium adopted by the eight countries of the N'Djamena Declaration, in Yaoundé at the 2nd International Conference of the Ministers on Transhumance held in July 2023.