Global Plastic Outlook Calls for More Circularity, National Roadmaps – IISD

Growing awareness of plastic pollution has influenced public opinion and led to stronger policy interventions, according to the ‘Global Plastics Outlook: Economic Drivers, Environmental Impacts and Policy Options,’ published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in February 2022. The authors report that the current magnitude of plastics consumption globally is leading to a high carbon footprint related to production, as well as to high waste volumes, persistent pollution, and harm to wildlife and ecosystems. The level of consumption requires increased circularity in the plastics lifecycle. The Outlook report underscores that making the plastics lifecycle more circular requires expanding national policies and improving international cooperation to mitigate environmental impacts along the whole value chain. Existing international, national, and local policy responses, and industry commitments are not sufficient, since plastics production and waste generation continue to increase.

 

 

The OECD report: quantifies the current production, use, disposal, and key environmental impacts throughout the plastics lifecycle; identifies opportunities for reducing negative externalities; seeks to inform and support policy efforts to combat plastic leakage; and investigates the ways in which COVID-19 has affected plastics use and waste across sectors and regions. The report provides a picture of the full lifecycle of plastics globally, including production, consumption, waste, recycling, disposal, leakage, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

 

The Global Plastics Outlook outlines five key findings regarding current challenges:

 

    The plastics lifecycle is not currently circular. For example, from 2000 to 2019, only 9% of plastic waste was recycled, while 19% was incinerated and almost 50% went to sanitary landfills. The remaining 22% was disposed of in uncontrolled dumpsites, burned in open pits, or leaked into the environment.

    COVID-19 has increased single-use plastic waste and related littering (including due to the use of protective personal equipment or PPE), though overall plastics use fell slightly due to lockdowns and decline in economic activity during 2020, which reduced plastics use by 2.2% from 2019 levels.

    Mismanaged plastic waste is the main source of macro-plastic leakage, which accounts for 88% of plastic leakage overall. Microplastics account for the other 12%, coming from sources such as tyre abrasion, brake wear, or textile washing. Microplastics contribute substantially to humans’ and ecosystems’ exposure to leaked plastics and related risks.

    Significant stocks of plastics have already accumulated in aquatic environments. The build-up of plastics in rivers implies that leakage into the ocean will continue for decades even if mismanaged plastic waste is reduced.

    Plastics have a significant carbon footprint, contributing 3.4% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions throughout their lifecycle. In 2019, plastics generated 1.8 billion tonnes of emissions, with 90% of those emissions from their production and conversion from fossil fuels.

 

The report also identifies four critical levers to reduce the environmental impact of plastics and increase circularity. First, the authors call for stronger support for recycled plastics markets. Secondary plastics from recycling are still only 6% of the total feedstock.

 

Second, the report notes the need for policies to increase technological innovation for a more circular plastics lifecycle. More ambitious policies could include investments in innovation and interventions to increase demand for circular solutions while reducing plastics consumption. Third, there is specific need at the domestic level for more ambitious policies. The Outlook reports that only 13 countries in 50 OECD, emerging, and developing countries have national policy instruments that provide direct financial incentives to sort plastic waste at source. Only 25 countries have effectively implemented instruments that encourage recycling, such as national landfill and incineration taxes. Globally, more than 120 countries have bans and taxes on single-use plastic items, but most are limited to plastic bags or other small-volume items. A policy roadmap is proposed for countries to reduce the leakage of macroplastics.

 

Finally, the report calls for strengthening international cooperation to increase circularity and achieve net-zero plastic leakage. Investments in basic waste management infrastructure are needed, especially in developing countries. The required costs are estimated at EUR 25 billion a year in low and middle-income countries, and all available funding sources will be needed. Efficient use of such investments will also require effective legal frameworks to enforce disposal obligations.

 

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Partners News

COP27: Call for proposals of side events for the “COMIFAC-ECCAS Initiatives Pavilion”

COMIFAC, ECCAS and its partners gathered within the CBFP hereby launch a call for proposals to host side events lasting no more than 90 minutes under the « COMIFAC-ECCAS Initiatives Pavilion », at the COP27 venue from 6 to 18 November 2022. The following guidelines are offered, however there is no set format for proposals. Applications should be submitted before 10 October 2022.

MoP 19 -Libreville - Keynote Speech - Dr Richard Eba’a Atyi: The forests of the Congo Basin: Stakes, Challenges, opportunities and perspectives

The general context of forest management and conservation in central Africa… The socio-economic context of forest management and conservation in central Africa. The 4 key elements which have most impacts on forests management and conservation in central Africa… young population and strong population growth…

EDITO - Cites conference in Panama, the genera Afzelia, Khaya and Pterocarpus could find themselves listed in Annex 2 of Cites

At the next Cites conference in Panama, the genera Afzelia, Khaya and Pterocarpus could find themselves listed in Annex 2 of Cites with the support of the EU and its members, who do not always seem to evaluate the consequences of such a listing for the concerned producer countries. The ATIBT, as well as other organizations such as ITTO, have not been consulted, which is incomprehensible. Were the producing countries themselves consulted? What is the basis for the CITES and the European Union to target certain species?

TRAFFIC publishes advice and recommendations ahead of CITES CoP19 - Traffic

The now published Briefing Document outlines TRAFFIC’s views and advice on many of these priority issues and all the 52 proposals to amend the CITES Appendices on the agenda for CITES CoP19. The agenda of the 19th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on International trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES CoP19) will be unfolding in Panama City on 14-25 November 2022.

Introducing marine species information boards in Kenya and Tanzania: getting locals on board with artisanal fishing regulations – Traffic

In response to concerns over unsustainable and illegal catch and trade in East African nearshore fisheries, TRAFFIC has launched information boards to raise awareness of prohibited species among fishers and traders and aid compliance officers in identifying threatened marine species. The information boards, an output of the ReTTA1 project through support from WWF Kenya, have been  placed at strategic landing sites in Kenya and Tanzania. They include a wide range of taxa, including turtles, dolphins, whales, sharks, molluscs, corals, and other marine species, all of which are protected by national law. In addition, trade in a number of the species is restricted internationally by CITES.

MoP19-CBFP-UK: His Excellency Rt Hon Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park's speech at CBFP MOP 19 in Libreville

…As we give the COP26 pledge a permanent home at the CBFP... And having committed to investing nearly a third of UK International Climate Finance – which we recently doubled – into nature, at least half of that in forests...we’re forging ahead with the work that our £200m commitment to the Congo Basin pledge will support…through the brilliant Forests, Governance, Markets, and Climate Programme, our newly established transboundary Biodiverse Landscapes Fund, and a new bilateral programme that we’re designing ahead of COP27…alongside our £32m contribution to CAFI. We know CAFI needs to change – and we’re committed to that as well.... Find out more...

MoP 19: Mechanism, Coordination of Financing for the Protection of Tropical Forests in Central Africa

The high-level meeting on the international financial architecture for biodiversity was held on July 5 and 6, 2022 in Libreville, Gabon. The panel was composed of CAFI, AfDB, AFD and the EU on July 5, and KFW and Winrock on July 6. The finding is that there is chaos in the actions of donors to the forests of the Congo Basin. In the Congo Basin there are 35 funding initiatives in total, including a concern for coordination. It is a question of reflecting on the best coordination mechanism and also on the PES and their indicators; to look at what are the mechanisms to reassure the private sector...

 

European Parliament’s vote on the Renewable Energy Directive disappoints campaigners – FERN

On 14 September 2022, the European Parliament voted on proposals to amend the EU‘s Renewable Energy Directive (RED). Changing problematic incentives for burning forest biomass was the most contentious issue in an otherwise fairly consensual file, as most MEPs agree that overall renewable energy ambitions should be considerably increased.

What can the EU do about forest fires? Quite a lot… - FERN

An area of Europe equivalent to one-fifth of Belgium has burned so far this year, the greatest surface at this point in the calendar year since records began in 2006. As this and the other realities of the climate crisis made their presence felt, Professor Sten B. Nilsson wrote an opinion piece for Euractiv outlining how to prevent Europe’s forest fires.

Graduate students visit UNCCD to discuss the sustainable future of land – UNCCD

At the start of the new academic year, the United Nations Regional Information Centre in Bonn together with UNCCD, hosted a group of graduate students from Côte d’Ivoire, Germany and Kenya to discuss the Convention’s work on combating drought and desertification and the role of science in supporting good land stewardship. Two dozen students who visited UN Bonn are a part of the programme launched by the German Center for Development Research (ZEF) in 2021, together with the Universities of Cologne, Abidjan and Nairobi as part of the new DAAD Global Environment and Climate Center Initiative.

Droughtland campaign featured in the margins of the General Assembly discussions on new ways to promote SDGs - UNCCD

On the sidelines of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York,  the UNCCD took part in a high-level event at the opening night of Goals House held at the iconic Tavern on the Green in Central Park on 18 September 2022.

Press Release: African Union Development Agency-NEPAD Launches Energize Africa - NEPAD

New York, September 19, 2022 – The African Union Development Agency-NEPAD in partnership with Afreximbank, co-launched the AUDA-NEPAD Energize Africa initiative on the margins of the 77th United Nations General Assembly in New York.  The Energize Africa initiative recognises that Africa’s youth and women – making up more than half of the continent’s populations - must be at the core of Africa’s economic growth and inclusive development strategies.

Press Release: Climate Finance to Address Global Challenges on Climate Change, Land Degradation and Biodiversity Loss - NEPAD

New York, September 20, 2022 – Climate financing will play an important role in unlocking Africa’s potential to combat climate change. It is estimated that Africa requires about 2.5 trillion dollars of climate finance between 2020 and 2030 averaging about 250 billion dollars each year. However, the total annual climate finance flows in Africa for 2020 were only 30 billion dollars, which is just about 12 percent of the amount needed.

African Union Launches Serious Game to Mark the International Day of Peace - AU

The African Union (AU) Youth for Peace Africa Programme, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), and the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) have launched a serious game known as “Mission55 Conflict in Anaka”, to commemorate the International Day of Peace (Peace Day) 2022. The game, which the AU and GIZ developed, aims to raise awareness, educate and inform the public, particularly youth, on the mandate of the AU to promote good governance, peace and security in Africa.

Southern & Eastern Africa CSOs urged to promote the AU’s Free Movement Protocol - AU

African Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in eastern and southern Africa have been prompted to support and promote the implementation of the African Union’s Free Movement Protocol (FMP) and the Migration Policy Framework for Africa (MPFA). The call to action to CSOs was made during the opening of the second Regional CSO Sensitization Forum on the Continental Free Movement Protocol organized by the AU Economic, Social, and Cultural Council (AU-ECOSOCC) with support from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).

IGAD Launches its Regional Trade Policy 2022-2026 – IGAD

September 15, 2022 (NAIROBI, Kenya): The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) today launched the IGAD Regional Trade Policy 2022-2026 in Nairobi. Representatives of IGAD Member States from Ministry of Trade and Heads of Chamber of Commerce and Industry, representatives of partners such as the African Development Bank (AfDB), and the Pan-African Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PACCI) attended the one-day event.

New biodiversity commitments announced as world leaders declare nature summit COP15 a priority - GEF

New commitments aimed at catalyzing biodiversity finance and conservation were unveiled today at a high-level event convened on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly to showcase action and support for a nature-positive world. New initiatives announced include €0.87 billion of new funding from the German government; a 10 point plan for financing biodiversity, endorsed by 16 initial countries; and the next phase of the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People (HAC for Nature and People 2.0)...

The path of migratory birds connects us all - thegef

Patricia Zurita is CEO of BirdLife International, a leading conservation organization that works with 115 national partner organizations and 13 million members to protect birds and their habitats worldwide. In an interview marking BirdLife’s 100th anniversary, she shared her vision for how the world can create a healthy environment for healthy societies in the coming century.

Media Release: Governments Meet on Science and Evidence to Address Global Biodiversity Crisis - ipbes

Bonn, Germany – Representatives of almost 140 Governments will begin a week-long meeting on Sunday in Bonn, Germany to advance the science and evidence necessary to address the global biodiversity crisis. The ninth session of the Plenary of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (#IPBES9) will be the first in-person meeting, since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, of the global body tasked with presenting decision-makers with the best-available science and expertise, to inform policy and action on nature.

5 Indigenous Women Climate Activists You Should Know About - forestdeclaration

Hindou, a Mbororo Indigenous pastoralist woman, is the founder of the Association of Indigenous Peul Women and Peoples of Chad (AFPAT), a community-based organization focused on promoting the rights of girls and women in the Mbororo community and inspiring leadership and advocacy in environmental protection. She is an influential climate leader in Africa, advocating for the importance of traditional knowledge for building resilience of Indigenous and forest communities to cope with the climate crisis.

Southeast Asia officers level up on CITES enforcement - Traffic

Enforcement officers new to the fight against wildlife crime have put a suite of TRAFFIC resources and newly developed materials to the test in a series of trainings in Southeast Asia. The face-to-face trainings with newly designed materials have been critical in bringing up-to-date information and tools to frontliners in some of the region’s major wildlife trade hotspots. However, staff turnover, regulatory changes, and evolving trends in wildlife crime mean there is a constant need for training.” Renee Yee, TRAFFIC’s Training and Capacity Building Officer in Southeast Asia

Cooperation Needed to Correct Course on Gender Equality: UN Report – SDG

UN Women and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) issued a report, which presents evidence on gender equality across all 17 SDGs. Emphasizing the pivotal role of gender equality in driving progress on the entire 2030 Agenda, the report warns that global crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, violent conflict, and climate change have exacerbated gender disparities.

UN Report Stresses “Urgent Need” to Accelerate Progress on SDG 4 in LAC – SDG

The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) regional offices for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) published the results of a regional assessment of progress towards SDG 4 (quality education). The report highlights the urgent need for more investment and social participation to enable a systemic transformation of education.

COP 15 PRESIDENCY: latest news from Huang Runqiu, President of the COP 15 and Minister of Ecology and Environment of China – CBD

On September 12, Huang Runqiu, President of the Fifteenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 15) and Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, had a video meeting with Virginijus Sinkevičius, EU Commissioner for Environment, Oceans and Fisheries. The two sides had in-depth exchanges on the second part of COP 15 and key issues related to the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (GBF) .

CBFP MOP 19: Civil Society Declaration on the fight against deforestation in Congo Basin countries

We, the representatives of Central African civil society who participated in-person and virtually in the 19th Meeting of Parties of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP), which was organized by the Federal Republic of Germany and took place from 5 to 8 July, 2022, in Libreville, Republic of Gabon, came together on 6 July 2022, as part of a strategic workshop of civil society organizations working to ensure effective management of natural resources in Congo Basin countries…

Welcome to our new partner the International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR)!

Berlin, 12th September 2022, the International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR), has officially joined the 124 members of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP). INBAR has submitted its application and consented to the CBFP members’ cooperation framework to promote sustainable management of forest ecosystems in Central Africa.

CBFP RDP 19: Main conclusions of Streams of the 19th Meeting of the Parties of the CBFP: Strong messages and recommendations...

Please download the recommendations, conclusions, messages coming out of the deliberations of Streams 1a, 1b, 2 and 3, Technical Segment of the MOP 19 of the CBFP of Libreville towards sustainable development for Central Africa’s countries, people, forests and biodiversity...These conclusions also serve as a roadmap for the partners to implement the "Declaration of commitment of COMIFAC Member States to the forests of Central Africa and call for equitable financing" and the “Joint Declaration of the Congo Basin donors of COP26”…

MoP 19 - CIFOR - USFS: Peatlands, mangroves, and other wetlands: climate responses in the Congo Basin

Please kindly consult the main conclusions of the two side events organised by CIFOR and USFS in the margins of CBFP MOP 19 on: Slot 1: Current scientific activities on peatlands (and other wetlands) in the Congo Basin and  Slot 2: Early responses to protect and manage peatlands in the Congo Basin.

A new member of the great CBFP family: Welcome to the Republic of Korea (ROK) represented by the Korean Forest Service (KFS)!

Berlin, 12th August 2022, the Republic of Korea (ROK), represented by the Korea Forest Service (KFS), has officially joined the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP). ROK has submitted their application and consented to the CBFP members’ cooperation framework in promoting sustainable management of forest ecosystems in Central Africa.