The study expands the scope of reporting for the first time to all countries with multilateral development bank operations. It now provides data on MDB climate finance commitments beyond those directed solely at developing and emerging economies, but with the focus remaining on low- and middle-income countries.
China introduces new law to safeguard forests and improve governance – Client Earth
On 1 July, China’s newly amended forest law came into effect, marking the first revision of the law in over twenty years.
The law comes with a number of significant improvements, aiming to better protect China’s forest resources, promote sustainable development and contribute to the national policy of building an ecological civilisation.
Key changes to the law
The amended forest law has several new components.
For one, it clarifies forest ownership in China and defines the legitimate rights and interests of the owners, which are the state, the collective (groups) and individuals. As part of this, it allows rights for use of the forests, trees and woodlands to be transferred, leased and valued as investment capital.
It also emphasises forest protection. By categorising forests as for either public benefit or commercial use, it allows for the adoption of different management measures. Further to this, it strictly controls logging of natural forests in the country and limits the annual harvest volume with permits and specific regulations.
More importantly, the amended forest law includes a ban on buying, transporting, and/or processing illegally sourced timber, and requires processing companies to establish a data record of raw materials and products (Article 65).
Establishing a ledger management system by law to record input and output of raw materials and timber products can be an effective way to identify timber sources. This system should also be applicable for timber imported into China, and has significant impact on traceability. A further step should be explored along the timber supply chain, especially on due diligence obligations.
While the law stipulates that “no operator or individual may knowingly purchase, process, or transport timber of illegal sources,” it has clear ambiguity and thus leaves a loophole if an operator claims lack of knowledge. Strong enforcement is therefore very important, and an implementable due diligence system is urgently needed.
Towards better timber governance
While the scope of the forest law is within China’s territory, the potential implications of Article 65 could be substantial and far-reaching if implemented effectively. China is the top timber importer and consumer in the world, but many countries that supply the Chinese market with timber and forest products are at high risk of illegal timber harvesting and broader forest conversion due to poor governance.
As a result, export‐oriented enterprises in China are facing pressure from international markets where more and more countries have legislation in place requiring imports of only legally‐harvested timber. Chinese timber companies themselves are increasingly vocal about the support they need to ensure their products meet the requirements of international buyers who need to comply with timber regulations.
Alongside the new law, if China takes practical and effective measures to ensure that only legally sourced timber and timber products enter the country, it can greatly contribute to legal timber trade worldwide. In taking decisive action to combat illegal logging and to protect global natural resources, China would also be supporting climate change mitigation and the preservation of the world’s biodiversity hotspots.
It is yet to be seen how the amended law will be implemented, as more detailed judicial interpretations and additional measures for some of the articles are expected in the coming months. Nonetheless, the new law is a positive step towards safeguarding forests and improving forest governance – with implications for not only China but also worldwide.
"The consequences of the pandemic could be long-lasting", stated Ambassador Smail Chergui, African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security, adding that "the AU will continue to support governments to make extremely difficult choices to address the impact of COVID-19 across the continent".
Ebo forest is home to hundreds of rare species including Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzees. A Cameroonian government decree allowing logging in a forest that is home to some of the world’s most endangered species has sparked outrage among local communities and conservation groups.
We are extremely proud and happy with our achievements this month. After more than 10 months of hard work at the Limbe Wildlife Centre, we have made a great step to further bridge the gap between animal welfare and conservation actions by inaugurating the first soft-release of endangered African grey parrot in Cameroon’s history.
The fifteenth session of the UN Forum on Forests (UNFF15) had been expected to adopt a resolution on several important issues including the UNFF Quadrennial Programme of Work (4POW) for 2021-2024.
In light of the continued COVID-19 global pandemic, the 42nd meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the parties to the Montreal Protocol (OEWG 42) convened three identical, online technical sessions, in different time zones, from 14-16 July 2020.
G20 Meetings Review Responses to Pandemic, Discuss Role of Digital Technologies in Accelerating Recovery – IISD
Following virtual meetings in July 2020, the Group of 20 (G20) Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors issued a communiqué that acknowledges global economic activity is expected to contract sharply in 2020 due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic...
H.E. Amb. Josefa Leonel Correia SACKO Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture On the occasion of The Launching of the Inaugural Africa Biennial Report on Disaster Risk Reduction – AU
My fellow Africans! I am pleased to issue this press briefing at the launch of the Inaugural Africa Report on Disaster Risk Reduction. As you might be aware, disasters have become a recurrent phenomenon in Africa and the Africa Union wants to ensure that countries prepared to minimize...
Communiqué of the 36th extraordinary assembly of IGAD heads of state and government held online via videoconference 14th july 2020 - IGAD
The 36th Extraordinary Assembly of IGAD Heads of State and Government was held on 14th July 2020 via videoconference, chaired by H.E. Dr. Abdalla Hamdok, Prime Minister of the Republic of the Sudan.
While the coronavirus pandemic presents enormous health and economic challenges, there are also opportunities to jumpstart economies and rebuild societies through green recovery plans that are aligned with the 2030 Agenda.
It is not easy to plan for the future during a pandemic or a recession. But this is 2020, and governments and businesses are working hard to navigate both challenges at once.
The global phenomena of the COVID-19 pandemic is tangible evidence of how an imbalanced ecosystem can bring massive economic damage and social inequalities, putting millions of lives and businesses at risk.
Asha Bobb-Semple is an Analyst with the Global Environment Facility’s land degradation focal area, and works with cross-cutting global programs related to food systems, commodities, land use, and drylands. In an interview, she reflected on her career path that has led her from Jamaica’s watersheds to the landscapes of Central Asia in support of a better tomorrow.
As the concept and principles of integrated landscape approaches (ILA) become increasingly popular, researchers and practitioners must consider not only their considerable potential to address socio-economic and environmental trade-offs facing people and nature...
Conceptual Links between Landscape Diversity and Diet Diversity: A Roadmap for Transdisciplinary Research – CIFOR
In the present article, we develop conceptual links between diet diversity and forested landscape mosaics within the rural tropics. First, we summarize the state of knowledge regarding diets obtained from forests, trees, and agroforests.
How fair is fair trade to women and marginalized people? A study commissioned by Fairtrade International to assess how effectively Fairtrade initiatives address gender equality revealed that fair markets alone are not enough to motivate gender- equitable benefit sharing.
Farmers’ experience and ecological knowledge proven valuable against land degradation in Mali – worldagroforestry
Farmers, regardless of gender, age or education, are well aware of land degradation, what it looks like and how it impacts their livelihoods. Their perception of the effects of land degradation, how they deal with the risks and their responses in turn shape options for restoration and the outcomes.
Adaption to climate change requires funding. An expert panel put the case for bringing the two sectors together. The pertinence of ecosystem-based adaption and risk finance couldn’t be more timely considering the unarguable, growing divergence between humans and the natural world.
Coming soon: peak human population! Plus, biodiversity worth USD 10 trillion and why we throw away gold – globallandscapesforum
How is racial equity related to climate justice? Our next GLF Live tackles these timely issues with Varshini Prakash, co-founder of the Sunrise Movement. But first, take a step back, and hear how the recent boom in digital events is reshaping the way we learn.
We have all heard the figures: by 2050, the world’s population is expected to increase to nearly 10 billion, and most estimates suggest an increase in global food demand over the same period of at least 50 percent.
How COVID-19 Is Reinforcing the Need for Climate Adaptation in Vulnerable Countries – ndcpartnership
As noted in a recent blog post, both the impacts of—and recovery responses to—the COVID-19 pandemic can be linked to a country’s priorities for adapting to climate change.
PRESS RELEASE: UN 2030 conservation plan could dispossess 300 million people – rainforestfoundationuk
A new UN drive to increase global protected areas could lead to severe human rights violations and cause irreversible social harm if not backed by much stronger guarantees of the rights of indigenous people and other local communities, the Rainforest Foundation UK (RFUK) warns today.
WTO Committee on Trade and Environment Continues Efforts on Plastics Pollution, Circular Economy – IISD
The Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) met on 3 July 2020 to discuss how trade policy can address plastics pollution and a circular economy and to review the resumption of work on other initiatives disrupted by COVID-19.
Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) reaffirmed their commitment to work towards an agreement on negotiations on fisheries subsidies that undermine marine resources as well as the food security and livelihoods of fisheries-dependent populations.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) has published a report warning that over half of the global gross domestic product (GDP) is potentially threatened by nature loss. The report argues that 15 systemic transitions across three socioeconomic systems could create annual business opportunities worth USD 10 trillion and 395 million jobs by 2030.
For ten years, Dixon Parmuya has guided tourists on bush walks around Amboseli National Park in Southern Kenya. But since COVID-19 swept through Kenya in mid-March, the country’s tourism industry has dwindled, leaving many locals without jobs and animals without protection.
The COVID recovery plan for Europe: Why MEPs are our last chance to make it work for the climate – FERN
The €1.8 trillion pandemic recovery plan and long-term budget deal agreed by EU heads of government on 21 July 2020, after nearly five days of haggling, is widely seen as a political and economic landmark. But from an environmental perspective, the package is an opportunity missed.
Commentary | Just Transitions: Lessons Learned in South Africa and Eastern Europe - climateinvestmentfunds
CIF and CSIS recently held a second workshop to discuss just transitions—an approach that seeks to ensure workers and communities are both protected and benefit from the deep and rapid changes to come in the transition to a new climate economy. Experts discussed case studies from countries where just transitions approaches are advancing and shared ongoing research and lessons learned that can further inform the next phases of the Just Transition Initiative.
Mr. Ollikainen discusses how Adaptation Fund projects are building resilience to climate change in vulnerable communities, and also broader resilience against environmental, health and economic risks through their inherent adaptation measures. He also discusses how some projects are adapting to directly help with the crisis in creative ways.
Developing countries – already the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change – are hardest hit by the humanitarian and economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
In due consideration of the many unknowns still surrounding the evolution of the COVID19 pandemic during the remainder of the current year, including unforeseen developments in mandatory public health policies around the world, and taking into account similar decisions taken by other Bonn-based organizations, CRIC19 will be rescheduled to take place in Bonn during the first quarter of 2021.
An international technology competition to design software that can support well-informed land use decisions is launched by the Group on Earth Observation Land Degradation Neutrality (GEO-LDN) Initiative.
UNCCD and CAREC organized an online stakeholder consultation to exchange recommendations on the project “Regional approaches for combating sand and dust storms and drought in Central Asia” and discuss expected regional strategic documents.
Two congolese Ministers share their vision on NDCs and partnerships with CAFI. “In difficult times, we need to explicitly stress the importance of land-use and sustainable forest management as primary solutions to control disease outbreaks and fight the climate crisis”.
It is with immense delight that we proudly invite you to the 27th Annual Conference of the Cameroon Bio-science Society (CBS) (Bioscience 2020), to be held at the University of Douala, from December 1st - 5 th, 2020.