Policy makers say environmental sustainability and international cooperation vital for COVID-19 recovery – UNCCD
Is it time for a new social contract for nature?
A high-level panel moderated by UNCCD Executive Secretary Ibrahim Thiaw held on the Desertification and Drought Day observed every year on 17 June, discussed this issue, in the context of a post-COVID-19 recovery and government actions to build back better.
While COVID-19 exposed the vulnerability of health systems across the world and varying impacts on access to food at country-level, the panelists stressed the importance of both environmental sustainability and international cooperation in the post COVID-19 recovery efforts.
“COVID-19 is testing us all, and our response has to be inclusive and swift to ensure that we not only survive the pandemic but also thrive after it passes,” said Dr. Thani bin Ahmed Al Zeyoudi, Minister of Climate Change and Environment, United Arab Emirates.
He said the UAE acknowledged the seriousness of the situation early on and leveraged agricultural technologies and supported local farmerswhile strengthening international supply chains, in cooperation with other countries” to address the many challenges the country faced.
He said technology will be used for land restoration in the country and stressed that environmental sustainability would be at the core of the recovery plans and screened a video showing how the country is using technology to overcome water scarcity to grow rice..
Ms Marieme Bekaye, Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development, Mauritania, and current Chair of the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and Sahel Initiative, said the country has a small industry, is highly dependent on food imports and many people lost their jobs due to COVID-19.
The country has gained important lessons for the country’s agro-pastoral sector, in particular, and for Africa which is highly impacted by climate change and dependent on food supplies from other countries. Among these are political will for crisis management, predictability to introduce response measures quickly and multi-sectoral resource mobilization.
She underlined the need for stability in funding, better environmental data collection and more innovation and technology for the regional Great Green Wall for the Sahara and Sahel Initiative.
Mr. Saboto Caesar, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Rural Transformation and Industry, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, highlighted the constraints Small Island States face. With only 18,000 acres of agricultural land, there is extreme competition of land for housing, infrastructure and other livelihood needs.
He described the elaborate COVID-19 package for agriculture set up to make food more accessible in the country, which included redoubling efforts to increase food imports and exports, promoting sustainable farming and drought tolerant crops and setting up food banks.
India’s Prime Minister had announced the release of “20 trillion Rupees (over USD260 billion), equivalent to 10% of India’s Gross Domestic Product, for various sectors, including the nature-based solution, to overcome the COVID pandemic,” said Mr. Babul Supriyo, Minister of State, Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, India.
He underlined India's ambitious target of achieving restoring 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030 and a recovery of the forest cover by 2 percent.
“We stand by each other in this crucial time of pandemic to the need of land which is the most significant entity for our survival,” he added.
Francesco Le Camera, Director General of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) stressed the potential for creating new jobs through renewable energy solutions.
“Placing the energy transition at the centre of COVID-19 recovery will enable us to overcome the current economic downturn and tackle the climate crisis,” he said, and added that the sector had the potential to create up to 100 million jobs.
“Renewable energy solutions not only bring socioeconomic gains and create much needed jobs. They are also central in combating desertification and land degradation, providing for climate and community resilience by boosting energy access, water security and food sustainability. A green recovery based on renewables can put the world on the path towards a safe, just and sustainable future,” Le Camera said.
Working within the General Secretariat of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) since 2009, Dr. Honoré TABUNA is from Congo Brazzaville. He holds a Doctoral Thesis in Botanical Economies from the National Museum of Natural History in Paris and the Chair of Business Management from the National lnstitute of Agronomie Research in Montpellier...
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In particular, most communities clear forests for agriculture and related subsistence activities – such as charcoal making and artisanal logging – to make a living. These are today among the top drivers of forest disturbance.
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An African Development Bank project to enhance market infrastructure, value addition and rural finance (MIVARF) in Tanzania produced highly satisfactory results, according to a report released by the project team. The project, rolled out in the country between 2012 and 2017 increased the incomes of rural producers and traders threefold.
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