The German CBFP Facilitation has commissioned a package of 6 thematic studies on pertinent issues in Congo Basin forest politics (namely REDD+ in the Congo Basin, Land Use Planning, Transhumance, Ecotourism, Sustainable value chains, China´s role in Central African forestry) as well as an overarching synthesis study. Each study consists of a full study report as well as a short policy brief. Please download the CBFP Study Package…
The Federal Republic of Germany facilitates the Congo Basin Forest Partnership in 2020-2021
Berlin, Germany - 14 February 2019 The Federal Republic of Germany has agreed to take over the Facilitation of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP) for the period 2020-2021. It is thus honoured and very pleased to be able to take over this role and to continue the initiatives and work undertaken by the previous CBFP Facilitators: the Kingdom of Belgium, the European Union, Canada, France and the United States.
Dr. Christian Ruck, has been appointed by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany to assume the role of CBFP Facilitator for the next two years. Dr. Ruck is a seasoned, high-level politician with proven expertise and a keen interest in the Congo Basin. He has worked both at the German and international level, representing his country in numerous international fora and has accepted several important mandates.
Dr. Ruck was officially installed as CBFP Facilitator of the Republic of Germany on 14 February 2020 at BMZ Berlin during a solemn ceremony presided over by Dr. Gerd Müller, Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Member of the German Federal Government. This ceremony marked at the same time the official launch of the activities of the German Facilitation. It brought together Ambassadors of Central African countries, Ambassadors and diplomatic missions of donor countries, German parliamentarians and sectoral ministries concerned with the topic as well as national and international organizations.
"It is both an honour and a challenge for me to lead an initiative such as the CBFP" said the new facilitator, who was, among others, from 1990 to 2013, Member of the Bundestag, German Federal Parliament, from October 2002 to November 2009, Chairman of the Working Group on Economic Cooperation and Development of the CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group and from November 2009 to 2013, Dr Ruck was Vice-Chairman of the CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group and responsible for Economic Cooperation and Development, Environment and Energy. In 2013, Dr Ruck assumed the position of Director of the KFW office in Cameroon, with a broad portfolio, including the forestry sector. More recently, he was with KFW in Tanzania covering the green sector portfolio.
"It is essential for the Federal Republic of Germany and the other CBFP partners to support the efforts that Central African countries are striving to implement for the conservation and sustainable management of their natural resources and the fight against poverty. The sustainable development of the magnificent forests that these countries are home to is one of the keys to their future development. The preservation of their unique biodiversity and the control of the carbon stocks they contain are also global challenges that call for global solutions. Thus reflecting the importance and global responsibility of humanity in the preservation of its forests, natural resources and biodiversity capital. But above all the positive impact that the conservation and sustainable management of these forests have on people's livelihoods and on the global climate. For these solutions to emerge, stakeholders need to come together and suggest relevant and effective strategic directions. This is why the CBFP is important, given the multiple pressures that threaten the integrity of its ecosystems and whose causes are diverse and linked to, among others, the resource and policy governance framework, the security situation, socio-economic development and the effects of climate change".
"What can the Congo Basin Forest Partnership do? - Our joint partnership can develop or initiate problem analyses and corresponding solutions. It brings together allies, but also parties in conflict in an atmosphere of voluntariness and institutional flexibility. It can initiate, activate and support action programmes and transboundary agreements, and it can try to coordinate and align the multitude of donors, funds and programmes with a single ambition: the protection and sustainable use of the forest ecosystems of the Congo Basin. »
Dr. Ruck, the new facilitator, is pleased that the outgoing facilitator, provided by the Kingdom of Belgium from January 2018 to December 2019, has worked with partners to consolidate the governance of the CBFP, further develop and guide the partnership in the enhanced thematic and policy dialogue among partners.
"The facilitation of the Federal Republic of Germany obviously intends to build on the results achieved by the facilitation.
To this end, the new facilitation intends to propose two priorities to its partners:
- Firstly: to continue the good initiatives of the Belgian facilitation, namely : (1) the sustainable management of transhumance in a context of growing herd sizes, (2) the cross-border fight against organised poaching which has destructive impacts, particularly on certain emblematic species, is threatened and destabilises the living conditions of local populations and constitutes major threats to security in certain cross-border regions of the Congo Basin, (3) and the inclusive dialogue with China.
- Secondly, as a new objective: sustainable uses, which has many facets, including: more effective payment for the ecological services of forest functions; improved management of protected areas with greater benefits for the local population; certification not only of forest concessions, but also of plantations or the exploitation of mineral resources; initiatives for ecotourism and value-added processing of forest products; and support for all initiatives to restore and reuse degraded areas. Emphasizes the Facilitator in his address "Concerted responses are now urgently needed, and the CBFP provides a framework for developing them".
A Facilitation Roadmap of the Federal Republic of Germany is being finalized in consultation with CBFP partners.
It will be communicated to the partners and posted on the CBFP website after its adoption by the parties in the coming weeks.
Note to the editors :
The Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP) was established in 2002 at the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg in response to United Nations General Assembly resolution 54/214, which called on the international community to support the efforts for the conservation and sustainable management of the forests of the Congo Basin, as reflected in the declaration of the Heads of State of Yaoundé 1999.
The Congo Basin Forest Partnership is affiliated with the partnerships of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. As a "Type2" partnership, it is a multi-stakeholder partnership allowing member organisations to cooperate on a voluntary basis. The CBFP brings together 115 members, including 10 Central African countries and nearly a hundred partners concerned with the forest ecosystems of the Congo Basin (ECCAS, COMIFAC, partner countries, civil society of the Congo Basin, international NGOs, multilateral organizations, research and training institutions, private sector operators). Cooperation within CBFP aims to support this common vision of the Central African Heads of State, in particular by improving the effectiveness of the measures taken, including technical and financial support, in favour of biodiversity conservation and the sustainable management of forest ecosystems, the fight against climate change and poverty reduction in Central African countries in accordance with the COMIFAC Convergence Plan.
Cooperation and governance structure of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership
In keeping with its non-binding and voluntary nature, the CBFP does not have a formal institutional structure. Instead, it has a set of informal structures: CBFP Meeting of the Parties; CBFP Governing Council; CBFP Colleges; CBFP Facilitation.
The CBFP was initially facilitated by the United States from January 2003 to December 2004, France from January 2005 to October 2007, Germany from October 2007 to September 2010 and Canada from September 2010 to December 12. The United States again assumed the Facilitation from May 2013 to December 2015, the European Union from January 2016 to December 2018. The Kingdom of Belgium from January 2018 to December 2019. The CBFP Facilitation is now provided for the second time by the Federal Republic of Germany for the period 2020-2021.
The Federal Republic of Germany, which has been a member of the Partnership since the launch of the initiative in 2002, was one of the original supporters of the "Congo Basin Forest Partnership" at its inception. Eighteen years after this initial launch, the CBFP continues to flourish, with today 115 members and an average of more than 500 participants in the meetings of the parties. Better yet, the CBFP is, without a doubt, a capital for our actions today and a hope for our future achievements. It represents one of the good examples of the concept of multi-stakeholder partnerships, contributing to intergovernmental, multi-stakeholder engagement.
Protecting the forests of the Congo Basin: Synthesis report of studies conducted during the German Facilitation of the CBFP in 2021
...In addition to this effort at the global policy level, the facilitation commissioned six thematic studies related to specific opportunities and challenges for the forests of the Congo Basin and the people who depend directly on the products, biodiversity and ecosystem services the forests provide. The six studies and a policy brief for each study were prepared between December 2020 and August 2021. They focus on the following topics...
Over the last 10 to 15 years, China has increasingly taken note of the potential environmental and forest impacts of its overseas trade, investment and other economic activities. However, timber trade between China and Africa has so far not met the requirements of international legality and sustainability standards. Furthermore, China is highly involved in investment and construction of infrastructure projects that may have caused forest conversion due to a lack of comprehensive, effective management measures and a lack of environmental impact analyses.
Tourism in the Congo Basin Rainforests: How to accelerate tourism and make it regionally sustainable- CBFP
This study was performed with the intent of understanding the challenges to developing eco-tourism in the Congo Basin, and of identifying actions and recommendations to overcome these challenges. A background study of the existing literature, research articles, reports and national strategies (where available) was performed to ascertain the political strategies and academic understanding of ecotourism in the region.
Conclusions and outlook: Adapted local LUP processes can serve as a foundation for securing tenure, reducing social conflicts between external and local actors, or even within forest adjacent communities meeting the SDGs, implementing REDD+ and operationalizing the many commitments to zero deforestation commodity production.
The Dynamics and Impacts of Transhumance and Neo-Pastoralism on Biodiversity, Local Communities and Security: Congo Basin - CBFP
This study was carried out to shed light on issues related to this activity and provide basic knowledge of various aspects relating to livestock rearing, neo-pastoralism and unsustainable transhumance. The study area covers the Sudano-Sahelian region of Africa – specifically, the area stretching from the northern fringes of the Congo Basin (Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic) and the south-eastern part of the southern Lake Chad Basin, namely the Sudano-Guinean savanna mosaics. The methodology adopted was to collect data from various sources, including from key stake-holders and literature review.
Promoting sustainable value chains in the Congo Basin: An analysis and set of recommendations based on three case studies in producing and importing countries – CBFP Study
The first case study is dedicated to the spectacular policy announcement by Gabon that it would make FSC timber certification mandatory from 2022 onwards for all concessionaires willing to keep operating in the country. Such certification is relatively advanced in Gabon and this unprecedented policy stands as an intriguing and promising example in the region. The second case study relates to a prominent approach that has emerged and grown over the last decade, namely corporate zero-deforestation commitments. This is complementary to the first case study as it refers to a process initiated by the private sector itself, and we apply it to the oil palm sector in Cameroon. For the third case study, we move to the importation side of things with the most advanced policy effort to take action in consuming countries, namely the French National Strategy against Imported Deforestation (SNDI).
The report draws on a thorough review of the available literature. It is complemented by 21 semi-structured anonymous interviews with key REDD+ experts. The authors conducted the interviews between November 2020 and February 2021. Interview partners include represent-atives of Congo Basin countries, donor states, academia, NGOs and independent technical experts. Instead of going to lengths in elucidating the entire range of options for reducing deforestation and forest degradation, the study report lists concrete courses of action which might be pursued in the future.
Replenishment ambitions, IUCN highlights, and updates from across the partnership | October 2021 Newsletter
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