A look back on the thematic day " Restoration of forest landscapes : stakes and operationality " - ATIBT
The ATIBT participated in the thematic day "Restoration of Forest Landscape" organized by the CST-Forêts on October 19 and coordinated by Bernard Mallet (CIRAD emeritus).
Crédits : IMAGEO
The purpose of this day was to come back to the issues and especially the operationality of this concept. It was structured around the following presentations:
Objectives, stakes and operationality of the forest landscape restoration approach with Daniel Vallauri (WWF) as speaker
Ecosystem restoration policy in the EU: an overview of the regulation adopted by the European Commission with the speaker Marc Sitter (DEB/DGALN/MTE)
Metrics and evaluation modalities for forest landscape restoration with speakers Plinio Sist (CIRAD) and Nicolas Picard (Ecofor)
What is forest landscape restoration?
Forest restoration operations have become more important since the 1990s in response to the combined challenges of forest cover loss and fragmentation, biodiversity erosion, land degradation and climate change (mitigation and adaptation).
Forest restoration practices, initially targeted on forest areas, and combining management, conservation and planting, are now part of a more "ecosystem and social" vision within the concept of "forest landscape restoration" (FLR) promoted in particular by IUCN and WWF. Around this concept, global and regional partnerships were structured in the first half of the 2000s, supported by political commitments (Bonn Challenge, 2011; AFR100, 2015). Mobilizing the conceptual framework of ecosystem services and the principles of integrated natural resource management, this approach considers restoration at the scale of landscapes in order to take into account ecological continuities (environmental effectiveness) and the various uses of land and resources by populations (socio-economic benefits).
Although the international community is becoming increasingly interested in this issue, with the proclamation in 2019 by the United Nations of the "United Nations Decade for Ecosystem Restoration" (2021-2030), its application at the country level and in the field still falls far short of the stated ambitions.
Although the restoration of forest landscapes is not a priori part of the National Strategy to Combat Imported Deforestation (SNDI), it is nevertheless a priority for many countries, particularly in the South, and is a subject of interest for supply chains operating in very heavily degraded landscapes.
What are the challenges of forest landscape restoration?
Daniel Vallauri (WWF) recalled that deforestation and forest degradation are the major challenges of forest landscape restoration. Indeed, deforestation has already caused the disappearance of 3 trillion trees or 240 million hectares over the last 25 years, mostly to convert these forests into agricultural land. The degradation of forests has contributed to the loss of ecological, social and economic qualities of forests. According to a WWF study (2014), 1.729 million ha are at high risk of degradation.
It is therefore essential to restore in order to preserve biodiversity, climate (carbon stock), but also for society. We all need forest resources: degraded lands are a cost to society because their value and their associated ecosystem services have disappeared.
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Thank you Mr. President to you and your team for all your work. And I also want to thank the secretariat and the Chairs of the subsidiary bodies. It hasn’t been easy. But I want to begin by recognising the progress on loss and damage. This is historic. The decision that we have taken here has the potential to support and increase that support for the most vulnerable.
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