White Paper: Build back better in a post-COVID-19 world – Reducing future wildlife-borne spillover of disease to humans

This white paper aims to provide Northern and Southern Development partners and decision- makers

with a better understanding of:

a) why spillover of disease from wildlife to humans occurs, and why these zoonotic disease outbreaks

can spread and become epidemics and pandemics such as COVID-19;

b) what they can do to prevent, detect and respond to future spillover events, with a special focus on priority interventions at the human–wildlife–livestock interfaces.

 

It has been produced as part of the Sustainable Wildlife Management (SWM) Programme, which will deliver critical lessons on how to prevent, detect and respond to future spillover events with appropriate national and transboundary policies and practices in the context of the SWM partner sites.

Assessing, renovating and expanding the One Health approach for improved institutional coordination

All the work carried out as part of the above priorities would be linked to in-country One Health platforms, zoonotic disease steering committees or other One Health mechanisms in place. The aim is to enable cross-sectoral collaboration, information sharing and the development of joint press releases, fact sheets and recommendations regarding the findings. Implementing an integrated, all-society approach to health is essential to foster early warning and build resilience. Decision-making mechanisms are complex and influenced by strong socio-economic drivers (Delabouglise et al., 2017). Challenges increase for inter-sectorial decision-making approaches. Early detection programmes for zoonotic or other high-impact diseases have the greatest impact when they bring about immediate and targeted action to prevent spillover and further disease spread and provide early warning for the pandemic potential of pathogens.

 

There is an urgent need to carefully assess the current One Health country programmes in order to: (i) highlight gaps in One Health programming; (ii) ensure that natural resource management and wildlife sectors are adequately represented in One Health programming, coordination and other mechanisms; and (iii) facilitate expansion of national One Health programmes to be inclusive of drivers of disease emergence and measures to prevent future disease emergence. This assessment through the “natural resource management lens” goes beyond the current One Health assessments, including the Joint External Evaluation supporting Global Health Security and the International Health Regulations, and requires an innovative One Health assessment that moves into the context of preparedness and prevention, rather than focusing on detection and response. Such a tool could be developed and tried out in SWM countries, then rolled out to other countries.

 

For more Information, please, download the Document here below:

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