IISD-2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Being Prepared for UNGA Consideration
2 August 2015: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which was adopted at the conclusion of the post-2015 development agenda negotiations on 2 August 2015, contains five sections, including the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets proposed by the Open Working Group (OWG) in 2014, with several revisions for specificity and consistency with international ambition. The document for consideration by the 69th UN General Assembly (UNGA) is expected to be finalized and made available ahead of the UN summit for the adoption of the agenda, which will take place from 25-27 September 2015.
The preamble of the text announces a “plan of action for people, planet and prosperity.” It highlights strengthening “universal peace in larger freedom,” and recognizes that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. It indicates the universal and collaborative nature of the agenda, and pledges that no one will be left behind. On the five P's, it says that the SDGs and targets will stimulate action in the following areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet: People, Planet, Prosperity, Peace and Partnership.
The declaration contains 53 paragraphs, divided into eight sections, and describes “our vision” – a world free of fear and want, including universal literacy and equitable and universal access to quality education, health care and social protection, and assurance of physical, mental and social wellbeing. It recommits to the full realization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) while setting out objectives beyond them, introduces the SDGs and their targets, and highlights the need for a revitalized Global Partnership and other forms of Means of Implementation (MOI). On follow-up and review of the agenda, the declaration says the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) will have the central role at the global level.
The SDGs and targets are largely unchanged from those proposed by the OWG in July 2014, although they incorporate several “technical revisions,” in targets under Goals 2 (hunger), 3 (health), 4 (education), 6 (water and sanitation), 7 (energy), 8 (economic growth and employment), 9 (infrastructure), 11 (cities), 14 (oceans and seas), 15 (territorial ecosystems), and 17 (MOI).
The chapter on MOI specifies the relationship between the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) and the post-2015 development agenda, saying the post-2015 agenda and SDGs "can be met within the framework of a revitalized global partnership for sustainable development, supported by the concrete policies and actions outlined in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, which is an integral part" of the post-2015 agenda. It adds that the AAAA "supports, complements and helps contextualize the 2030 Agenda's means of implementation and targets.” It also reproduces paragraph 123 of the AAAA on establishing the Technology Facilitation Mechanism (TFM).
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